Tinubu Seeks UN, NAM Synergy to Secure $1tn Climate Finance from Developed Countries

*Calls for ceasefire in Gaza

Ndubuisi Francis and James Emejo in Abuja

President Bola Tinubu has urged Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) member states to collaborate with the United Nations (UN) to emphasise the need for developed countries to provide $1 trillion in climate finance to developing countries in order to fulfil their promise of $100 billion per year in climate finance.
He also lent Nigeria’s voice to the NAM member-states’ common position in condemning the present destruction of lives and property in Gaza, which has assumed a critical dimension.

Speaking at NAM’s 19th Summit of Heads of State and Government at the weekend in Kampala, Uganda, Tinubu who was represented by the Minister of Budget and Economic Planning, Senator Atiku Bagudu observed that the theme of the summit which is “Deepening Cooperation for Shared Global Affluence,” bore relevance to the current trend of wars, proliferation of small arms and light weapons, threat of use of nuclear weapons and the dangerous polarisation between developed countries, similar to the era of cold war.

A statement issued by the Director of Information, Ministry of Budget and Economic Planning, Mrs. Folasade Boriowo quoted Tinubu as saying that, “in this regard, we must recommit to the foundational principles of Non-Aligned Movement to better assure of global peace and security.”
On climate change, the Nigerian president pointed out that the developing countries were moving forward on the issue with courage and ambition.
He said: “Developing countries have striven in the last two decades under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) process to make common but differentiated responsibilities a basic principle of global climate action.”

To move forward decisively, access to affordable climate finance and technologies is critical.”
He stated: “Nigeria supports and reiterates the call for an immediate durable and sustained humanitarian truce in that region. Many lives, including women and children, have been lost since the commencement of the crisis between the States of Israel and Palestine with so many displaced.
“The daily increase of displaced persons and shortage of humanitarian supplies due to impeded access have greatly impacted on the people, exacerbated the humanitarian catastrophe in the region and increased civilian casualties.”

According to him, as a promoter and protector of human rights, Nigeria urged the parties in the conflict to uphold the fundamental values of international humanitarian law, which places high premium on ensuring civilians’ safety and wellbeing.
“This should go beyond mere politics and rhetorics. Destruction of lives and properties, including hospitals and religious and cultural sites is a violation of international law.  

“Nigeria, therefore, calls for a ceasefire and reiterates its call once again for quick de-escalation of hostilities by both sides which should help us in getting to a two-state solution. This seeming permanent cycle of violence needs to be broken,” he said.
President Tinubu told the NAM member- states that it was their responsibility to build bridges and take urgent practical actions to scale up success and lessons learned, adding: “We must work together to tackle these challenges by touching the lives of the most vulnerable in society.”

The president noted that the pursuit of shared prosperity for all must be at the centrestage of multilateralism.
“Shared prosperity is the ultimate guarantee for peace. Our countries are looking for equity, not sympathy. It is justice and development that shall make freedom blossom,” he said.
Tinubu called for equitable access to capital for developing countries, saying such would provide the much-needed resources for development, and solve some of the most pressing challenges in the world today.

He listed the challenges facing the world currently to include climate change, conflict and wars, terrorism, and widening inequality.
He, however, pointed out that the developing world was not looking for sympathy or begging, but demanding fair and equal opportunity.
According to him, the combined population of the 120 countries that make up the Non-Aligned Movement was over 4.4 billion or about 55 per cent of the world’s population, yet total financial resources available to all these countries are much less than that of some countries.

Tinubu lamented that the total budgetary resources for the 120 countries was less than $3.5 trillion, which is less than the budget of the United States alone, whereas the aggregate public debt of less than $6.6 trillion, mostly at higher interest rates and shorter tenor, was about one-sixth of one or a few developed countries.
These startling statistics, according to the Nigerian leader, were clear evidence that the Non-Aligned countries suffer from a lack of access to capital and resources for development.

“More often than not, public debt available to developing countries is far more expensive and not substantial enough to make an impact. Therefore, we wish to advocate a financing mechanism and equitable capital market access that can provide adequate financial resources to the Global South.
“All these are happening as we are battling to come out of the COVID-19 pandemic. It is not possible for any one nation to tackle these multidimensional challenges,” he said, stressing that this calls for greater collaboration between and among member-states as they struggle to achieve sustainable development goals,” Tinubu said.
The Non-Aligned Movement is the largest gathering of countries, second only to the United Nations General Assembly.
This year’s summit was chaired by Ugandan President, Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, and was attended by many presidents and heads of governments.

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