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Omololu Ogunmade in Abuja
The federal government wednesday said Nigeria had spent a whopping N49 trillion on imports in 17 years, adding that it has resolved to chart a new course for the country by saving N3.6 trillion in five years through the take off of a new innovation plan targeted at Nigeriaâ€™s industrialisation.
It also said that there was no cause to worry over President Muhammadu Buhariâ€™s health, adding that he was in safe hands in London where he is receiving treatment for an undisclosed illness.
Rising from its weekly Federal Executive Council (FEC) meeting in the State House, Abuja, the government said the degree of dependence on foreign products for survival was no longer sustainable in view of the fall in oil prices and the availability of natural resources in different parts of the country.
Briefing journalists at the end of the meeting, the Minister of Science and Technology, Dr. Ogbonaya Onu, said FEC approved a memorandum to alter the status quo and re-direct the countryâ€™s priority towards the production and consumption of locally made goods and services.
â€œWe will be saving N3.6 trillion to achieve this in five years. It will require that ministries, departments and agencies (MDAs) should work together. All they need will be put in the budget.
â€œWe will be asking for 30 per cent of the amount which will be about N1 trillion over five years. If you take about one-fifth of the N1 trillion which will be N200 billion every year by all the MDAs for five years, we can do it,â€ he said.
According to Onu, in accordance with the approval of the council memo, the next five years will witness the exploration of existing abundant natural resources in the country for the nationâ€™s industrialisation.
Onu, who said the by-product of the move would be the creation of jobs for the teeming population, disclosed that the Raw Materials Research and Development Council, an agency under his ministry, had conducted extensive research in consultation with other countries, research institutes, tertiary institutions, governments and industries.
He said the research was meant to determine the degree of Nigeriaâ€™s dependence on foreign products and also decipher how to put paid to the imports.
â€œFor too long, our nation has been dependent on importation of raw materials and products and this has had very adverse effects on our economy, particularly as it concerns job creation and the search for self-reliance.
â€œNigeria is a great nation and we have an abundance of natural resources in our country. It doesnâ€™t make sense that we leave what we have and are importing from outside.
â€œFor example, between 2000 and 2016, Nigeria spent as much as N49 trillion importing raw materials and products. At that time, not that it was sustainable, but our economy could manage such level of imports because crude oil sold most of the time at above $100 per barrel.
â€œBut definitely, such level of importation is unsustainable and we are paying the price right now because if we had depended on our own raw materials, we would have been better off.
â€œWith the sharp drop in the price of crude oil, Nigeria would have been able to withstand such a shock and we would not have had the problem that we are passing through now.
â€œSo the Federal Ministry of Science and Technology is determined to change the direction that Nigeria has passed through. In the past 56 years, we have been over-dependent on foreign commodities.
â€œWe have relied on massive imports, we have sacrificed jobs. But we now want to move our economy away from that direction into an innovation-driven economy.
â€œSo the Raw Materials Processing and Development Council, one of the agencies under the supervision of the Ministry of Science and Technology, had to undertake a very important study.
â€œBefore the study was done, there were extensive consultations with research institutes, countries and universities, businesses, industries, governments at all levels, to determine our level of dependence on outside products and to find a way we can stop this.
â€œWe looked at what other countries such as Canada, China, India, Japan and South Korea did. It was now very clear to us that if we moved in the direction that approval was given for today, Nigeria will attain its industrialisation plan in the next five years and this will be very helpful because what it means is that the abundance of natural resources can now be utilised for industrial production in the country.
â€œThen, we will be able to create jobs for Nigerians. The major thrust of President Muhammadu Buhariâ€™s administration is that we should be producing made-in-Nigeria goods so that those who want to work will be able to do so and this is the way to go
â€œAbove all, as a great nation, we must work for self-reliance. We must be a self-reliant nation. Other countries have achieved it. We must be able to achieve it,â€ he said.
In his own briefing, the Minister of Niger Delta, Mr. Usani Uguru, said the council received the report of a Project Technical Audit Committee from his ministry, which had hitherto been saddled with the responsibility of investigating all contracts and projects executed by the ministry since its creation in 2009 up to 2015.
According to him, the committee found that out of the N700 billion appropriated for the ministry within the period, N423 billion had been spent with little or nothing to show for it.
According to him, the figure, representing 60 per cent of total appropriated funds within the period, showed that the rate of execution of 427 projects awarded stood at only 12 per cent, while the impact of such projects on the region was put at a mere eight per cent.
â€œSo, today, we sought approval from council to have the recommendations of this report conveyed to the legitimate agencies charged with the statutory responsibility of recovering government assets that are either misappropriated, misused or found to be idling in some quarters.
â€œWith this, it means all those who have accessed government resources for one purpose or another must be compelled to make adequate use of same, otherwise, they would face the recommendations that go with such violations, and that is our position concerning that report. And we have got the councilâ€™s approval for that,â€ he said.
Also, the Minister of Health, Prof. Isaac Adewole, said FEC approved a joint venture agreement between the federal government and May & Baker Plc to produce local vaccines for the country between 2017 and 2021.
The minister further explained that under the joint venture agreement May & Baker would hold 51 per cent in the company to be established under the arrangement, while the federal government would own 49 per cent.
He recalled that between 1940 and 1991, Nigeria was producing smallpox, yellow fever and anti-rabbis vaccines and was quite successful at it, and had exported such vaccines to Cameroon, Central African Republic and other countries.
However, he said in 1991, the vaccine production laboratory stopped producing, following the federal governmentâ€™s attempt to reactivate and upgrade the facility, a move he said never took place and ended the countryâ€™s vaccine production programme.
â€œWhat council did today was to put life into this joint venture agreement that proposes to establish a company called Bio-vaccines Ltd., which will be jointly owned by the federal government and May & Baker Plc.
â€œThe board of the company will comprise seven people â€“ four from May & Baker and three from the federal government. The equity participation will be 51 per cent May & Baker, 49 percent federal government.
â€œThe company, between 2017 and 2021, will produce basic vaccines that we need. We have considered vaccines as a security issue. It is not only a health issue, as we need to consider the security of all Nigerians, particularly our children.
â€œSo, with this agreement, we will be able to produce those command vaccines and from 2021 and beyond, every other vaccine that is necessary will also be out for administration to Nigerians.
â€œWe are quite happy that today it has taken place and we believe that Nigeria has started the journey to vaccines security,â€ Adewole said.
Adewole who said the take off funding for the project would be N100 million, added that the federal government would make its equity contribution through its existing Institute of Vaccines Research valued at N1.2 billion, while May & Baker would contribute N1.3 billion.
The minister, who also said the country had almost put the meningitis outbreak behind it, disclosed that Kenya Airways which recently flew the corpse of a Nigerian from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) into the country, in violation of standard procedures, had been reported to the International Civil Aviation Authority (ICAO), with a view to getting the airline sanctioned.
The DRC is currently battling an Ebola outbreak, which has already led to four deaths in the Central African country.
Meanwhile, the Minister of Information, Lai Mohammed, while responding to a question on Buhariâ€™s health, said there was no cause for alarm, as the president was in safe hands in London.
The president returned to London three weeks ago to get treatment for an undisclosed ailment. Prior to his trip, he had spent 50 days in the British capital between January and March for the same reason.