A report by BudgIT has shown that N1.75trillion has been disbursed to states as extra-statutory allocations known as bailout funds since the advent of President Muhammadu Buhariâ€™s administration.
In 2015, a salary loan of about N338billionn was disbursed to states.
The terms of the loan was 20-year and the purpose of the loan were to help states facing fiscal strain meet outstanding salary obligations. Interest rates of nine per centÂ approved by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), said BudgIT, a civic organisation based in Lagos that applies technology to intersect citizen engagement with institutional improvement.
This was swiftly followed by the N575billion restructuring programme bond, it added.
The federal government negotiated this debt package through the Debt Management Office to allow states convert high interest bank debt into a 20-year tenured debt with interest rates set at 14.83 per cent.
With the exception of Ogun State, 23 states were immediate beneficiaries. However, the actual sum disbursed was not made public.
According to BudgIT, â€œAgain, In July 2015, the federal government remitted approximately N92.18billion to states from dividends worth $2.1billion paid to the Federation Account by Nigerian Liquefied Natural Gas Company (NLNG).
â€œBarely a year later, the sum of N7.85billion was also approved by the federal government to assist states with revenue short falls in January 2016 from the dividend remitted by NLNG.
â€œIn July 2016, the federal government endorsed the allocation of N3.6billion from solid minerals savings to states as part of the routine monthly FAAC disbursements.
â€œA total of N117.3billion was also disbursed to states, amount taken from excess revenue generated from Petroleum Profit Tax (PPT).
â€œOrdinarily, this should go into the Excess Crude Account (ECA), but it was speedily distributed between the federal and state governments.
â€œIn all, a total of N1.75trillion has been disbursed to states as extra-statutory funds but little is known about how the funds had been spent.
â€œThe latest amount released is the N522.74billion refund to states for surplus deductions of external debt servicing fees between 1995-2002.â€
BudgIT noted that the lack of will to encourage states to embrace transparency and the inability of the federal government to enforce conditions that mandate states to articulate their policies and submit to standardised performance indicators has ensured that governors merely sit back and routinely await the discovery or refunding of money into the treasury, and immediately seek their share.
BudgIT had previously sent Freedom of Information (FoI) request to the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) and no adequate response was provided.
â€œIt is observed that the federal government seems to have adopted a reductionist approach to the states; often basing its release of funds on a need to offset recurrent expenditure at sub-national level.
â€œTo discontinue this tradition and ensure funds are used efficiently, the allocation, utilisation and spending of public funds should be transparent, coordinated and discreet,â€ it added.
BudgIT called for a holistic and comprehensive audit of the funds disbursed so far.