A human rights lawyer and Senior Advocate of Nigeria (SAN), Mr. Femi Falana, has challenged the Attorney-General of the Federation and Minister of Justice, Abubakar Malami, saying he lacks powers to order the release of any detainee out of mercy.
Falana said this while responding to Malami’s claim that he ordered the release of the Convener of RevolutionNow movement, Omoyele Sowore and a former National Security Adviser, Col. Sambo Dasuki (rtd) on compassionate grounds.
Malami had said the Department of State Services (DSS) which was detaining Sowore and Dasuki against court orders was asked to release the duo not because of international pressure but on the grounds of respect for rule of law and compassion.
“The only reasons for the release of Omoyele Sowore and Sambo Dasuki revolved around our commitment to the rule of law, obedience to court orders and compassionate grounds,” he had said.
But in a letter addressed to Malami, Falana said only the president and state governors are entitled to exercise the prerogative of mercy or release any convicted person on compassionate grounds.
He said the minister should have apologised to Sowore and Dasuki rather than making such claim, which he described as an “apologia for official impunity”.
“It is trite law that once a trial court has granted bail to any person standing trial for any offence whatsoever and the bail conditions have been met the detaining authority shall release the person from custody without any further ado,” he said.
“In other words, the refusal to release a defendant who has been admitted to bail by a trial judge is tantamount to contempt of court. Hence, before Sowore’s release we had filed Forms 48 and 49 for the committal of the Director-General of the State Security Service to prison for contempt of court.”
He said a suspect can only be detained beyond 48 hours based on a remand order from a magistrate court, adding: “The government is not permitted to refuse to comply with the order of bail under the pretext of defending the security of the nation.”
“Even under the defunct military dictatorship, detaining authorities were not authorised to incarcerate any person for “security reasons” in defiance of court orders,” he said.
“With respect, the federal government has itself to blame for the needless controversy that has trailed the release of the duo. But having belatedly deemed it fit to review your position and advise the federal government in line with the tenets of the rule of law you ought to have apologised to both Sowore and Dasuki.
“That is what is expected of you in accordance with section 32 (6) of the 1999 Constitution. It is not an occasion for grandstanding or arrogant display of power. ”