Osinbajo: Adoption of Risk Principles Critical for Bankable PPP Projects 

Yemi Osinbajo
By James Emejo in Abuja
Vice-President Yemi Osinbajo has said the right application of risk allocation principles in infrastructure projects is fundamental to ensuring bankability and long-term viability of public-private partnership (PPP) interventions in the country.
He said an attempt to relegate the centrality of risk allocation in PPP contracts could be costly for the country.
The vice-president said the use of the contract management and risk assessment tools in project management will further strengthen transparency and accountability in the country’s PPP environment.
He also commended the Infrastructure Concession Regulatory Commission (ICRC) for the deployment of the PPP Web Disclosure Portal which he said would stimulate investor interest significantly.
Speaking during his keynote address at the opening of the PPP workshop on a Joint West African Regional PPP Risk Allocation and PPP Contract Management Tool Dissemination, in Abuja Tuesday, Osinbajo added that the aggregation of current efforts at improving transparency around PPPs would “provide more assurance to our people, as they can now monitor the progress of implementation of PPP projects in the country”.
This is as the Senior Manager, Global Infrastructure Hub, Mrs. Morag Baird, said Nigeria needs to spend over $400 billion in order to address its huge infrastructural deficit.
She added that Africa needs to spend $3.3 trillion to bridge the current gap in infrastructure between now and 2040.
Also Tuesday, indications emerged that the acting Director General, ICRC, Mr. Chidi Izuwah, may soon have his nomination confirmed by the Senate.
The Chairman, Senate Committee on Works, Senator Kabiru Gaya, dropped the hint while giving his remarks at the event, which was organised by the Global Infrastructure Hub in collaboration with ICRC, Norton Rrose Fulbright and Olaniwun Ajayi LP.
He said Izuwah was currently awaiting Senate confirmation, expressing optimism that he would soon become the substantive DG of the commission.
Gaya’s pronouncement on Izuwah was humorously re-echoed by Osinbajo, during his concluding remarks, stating: “We were also informed today that the acting DG ICRC is soon to be confirmed by our born-again Senate”, apparently alluding to the controversies which had surrounded the decision of the upper chamber not to conduct confirmation hearings for some nominees sent to it by President Muhammadu Buhari recently.
Nevertheless, the vice-president stressed that the government evidently lacked the resources to solely finance, build and manage public infrastructure, noting that ICRC had since inception taken over about 55 PPP projects across the country.
He said there are several well-known PPP projects including the Murtala Muhammad Airport 2, Garki Hospital, Kainji/Jebba and Shiroro Hydro Electric Power projects, and about 25 port terminals already concessioned to private operators.
“But managing these PPPs through stakeholder management, performance monitoring refinancing, re-negotiation, and disputes are probably as crucial for governments as the PPPs themselves,” he said.
According to him, “We must commend the Global Infrastructure Hub for developing these tools, the PPP Risk Allocation and PPP Contract Management Tools and for dedicating this workshop to the dissemination of the tools for our sub-region.
“And this is important because the public sector in most developing economies, especially in our sub-region, simply lack the necessary skills and tools to effectively manage PPP contracts.
“Drawing up this contract management tools and the annotated set of risk matrices demonstrating the successful allocation of risks between public and private parties in PPP transactions, is a great service to public sector parties in all of our countries.”
He said: “The participation of top international law, and finance practitioners, the multilateral development banks with the hub in this endeavour, greatly enhances its usefulness and worth.
“It also demonstrates the new approach to doing business in a globalised environment, the key being collaboration.
“Time was when the better resourced private sector looked to game the public sector in PPPs.
“Usually such victories, if they could be so described are pyrrhic, one more failed PPP, one more failed project.
“But this new approach where the parties are helped to adopt best practices in drafting and management of PPP contracts, is a win-win for everyone.”
Meanwhile, Baird on her part, recommended two approaches — efficiency and effectiveness of infrastructure investment — as well as increased infrastructure investment in both public and private sectors as key to achieving infrastructure targets in the country.
The infrastructure need of the African continent is estimated at $7.6 trillion.
According to her, “It’s estimated that worldwide, up to 30 per cent of infrastructure investment is wasted due to inefficiency, mismanagement and corruption.
“Government reforms and increment in efficiency and effectiveness can make a substantial headway in closing the gap.
“The second approach is to increase infrastructure investment in both public and private sectors.
“Governments around the world are looking to draw private sector to public-private partnerships to help deliver major infrastructure projects.
“They recognise that the private sector can help drive innovation and efficiency and provide additional financing solutions.
“The trail-blazing work of Nigeria’s ICRC of PPP Web disclosure on their portal makes important contribution to increasing transparency and can contribute both to reducing inefficiencies in investments and to attracting increased private investment.”
However, the acting ICRC boss in his remarks assured the gathering of a “very bright infrastructure future for Nigeria via PPP delivery as we indeed benefit from hosting this world class infrastructure”.