UNICEF: Shortage of  $108m, Insecurity Hamper Polio Immunisation of 41m Children 

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Paul Obi in Abuja
As Nigeria grapples with the outbreak of three new cases of Polio Virus in the North-east, UNICEF yesterday said shortage of about $108 million and insecurity in Borno State may hamper the move to immunise about 41 million children across the country.

This came as the federal government and UNICEF indicated that plans were in place to embark on massive immunisation campaign to reach about 41 million children particularly in North-east part of the country where three cases of new polio virus outbreak were recorded.

UNICEF Regional Director for West and Central Africa, Manuel Fontaine,  explained ahead of the exercise that “the coordinated efforts between the polio vaccination campaigns and childhood nutrition screenings are part of UNICEF’s scaled-up response to the crisis.

“However, UNICEF’s response remains hampered by continued insecurity, especially in areas of Borno State in Nigeria, and by a lack of funding. Of the US$158 million needed for UNICEF’s emergency response in the region, only US$50.4 million has so far been received,” Fontaine stated.

He stated that “a major health campaign is underway in the Lake Chad Basin area to vaccinate over 41 million children against polio to contain the recent outbreak of the disease in North-east Nigeria.

“Populations fleeing conflict are on the move within the sub-region, raising concerns that the virus could spread across borders. Nearly 39,000 health workers are deployed across Nigeria and neighbouring Chad, Niger, Cameroun and the Central African Republic to deliver polio vaccines in areas at high-risk for the virus during five rounds of coordinated vaccination campaigns across five countries.

“UNICEF is procuring the vaccines and engaging the public through mass media and grassroots mobilisation. The re-emergence of polio after two years with no recorded cases is a huge concern in an area that’s already in crisis,” The scale of our response reflects the urgency: We must not allow polio spread.”

Fontaine added: “The ongoing conflict has now displaced 2.6 million people, devastated provision of healthcare and left more than four million people in North-east Nigeria facing crisis and emergency food security levels.
“In the three worst-hit Nigerian states, 400,000 children will suffer from severe acute malnutrition this year. Polio vaccination teams in parts of Borno State are conducting simultaneous malnutrition screening to identify cases of severe acute malnutrition in children under five and refer malnourished children to treatment programmes.

Findings from the first rounds of outreach screening have confirmed high rates of severe acute malnutrition.
“Children are dying and more young lives will be lost unless we scale up our response. Through the polio vaccination drive, we can protect more children from the virus while also reaching children in need with treatment for malnutrition,” Fontaine said.

He stressed that “the third round of the current polio campaign runs from 15-18 October with additional rounds scheduled in November and December.

“The immunisation campaign is being delivered by national governments, with support from UNICEF, the World Health Organisation, Rotary International, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation,” the Regional Director observed.