The country must pay attention to the environment
From Ibadan, Oyo State, where a family lost its bread winner and two children to Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, where no fewer than a thousand people were rendered homeless, floods are again wreaking havoc in our country. In several parts of Nigeria within the past one month, villages and farmlands had been submerged and more people are swelling the population of the internally displaced. This perennial challenge should not be allowed to continue.
Unfortunately, the situation was also avoidable in many instances. Just recently, the federal government requested Nigerians, particularly those living along the banks of the River Niger, to immediately relocate to safer places. The report indicated that the flood path traversing the Republics of Guinea, Mali, Niger and Nigeria would remain dangerous, warning that an estimated 105,000 Nigerians may be affected. Not many people heeded the warning. Now floods are occurring with a vengeance, endangering many people and bringing down everything on its path.
Instructively, while Nigeria has many challenges, the environment is not often listed as one of them. It highlights a national malaise and our lackadaisical attitude to serious issues. It is therefore time Nigeria became part of the global trend of putting issues of the environment on the front burner while the relevant authorities should be proactive in preventing disasters. And when they inevitably occur, governments at all tiers, complemented by private sector organisations and well-endowed individuals, should come to the aid of the victims as we see in other parts of the world.
Elementary science teaches that as global temperatures rise, oceans get warmer. When water heats up, it expands, leading to a rise in sea levels as we have been witnessing in several countries in recent times. It is therefore no surprise that in several coastal cities across the world today, climate change is creating a situation where too much water comes at an unexpected time, or in unexpected places causing serious problems. It is little wonder that the densely populated, low-lying cities and towns in our country have also become environmental nightmares for most of their inhabitants on account of flooding.
However, beyond the intervention of the government at all levels is the need for Nigerians to begin to imbibe the right attitude to waste disposal because flooding in some of our major cities cannot be solely attributed to the quirks of nature. The habits of the people indeed play a crucial role in what has been happening over the years anytime it rains. Most drains are blocked due to the indiscriminate dumping of waste on the roads and drainages.
This unsanitary attitude quite naturally leads to blockages of canals and man-holes resulting in the type of floods that have been witnessed in recent weeks. There are also several buildings that have been erected on drainage channels. This ugly trend must stop while the state government must ensure that all those buildings are pulled down for free flow of water into the canals.
However, it is not enough for the government to just ask citizens to leave flood paths without providing any measures for their relocation. There is need therefore to resettle those living close to flood-prone areas. There will be resistance from some people, but they must be made to realise the consequences of whatever choice they make: between accepting to be resettled and staying back in their endangered communities.