So Many Things to Reform

22
4288
Simon Kolawolelive!, Email: simon.kolawoe@thisdaylive.com. SMS: 0805 500 1961

Simon Kolawolelive!, Email: simon.kolawoe@thisdaylive.com. SMS: 0805 500 196

In my primary four, the Yoruba text book we read was ‘Kola ati Kemi’ — a series of short stories depicting the “adventures” of two siblings: Kola and Kemi. Kola was the crafty one while his sister, Kemi, was the clever one. One day, Kola and Kemi followed their father to the farm. As they played around the farm, Kemi would announce: “Daddy, I found a snail!” And the father would reply: “Well done, my daughter.” Kola, not to be outdone, would also announce: “Daddy, I’ve found a snail!” And the father would reply: “Good job, my son.” It became a healthy competition as they went on picking snail after snail while their father kept himself busy cultivating the land.

They left for home and it was soon dinner time. So the father announced: “For your dinner tonight, you will eat the snails that you picked on the farm.” As it turned out, Kola did not pick any snail — he was just deceiving himself in order to keep up with his sister. Kemi had plenty snails and had a good dinner. When the true story came to their father’s attention, he said something like: “If you planted one hundred ridges of yam and claim it is two hundred, after eating one hundred yams, you will eat another one hundred lies.” In Nigeria, we have perfected a way of living on lies, cooking the books, dancing with the digits, and whitewashing the sepulchres. Whom are we deceiving but ourselves?

One of the biggest scandals rocking our education system is the yearly competition for the best-performing state in WAEC (I will leave that of the “best university” out of this discussion for sanity sake). As a result, many state governments give school principals the marching order to make sure the students pass very well. So the school authorities will, like Kola, game the system. They will aid and abet cheating. They will bribe invigilators and supervisors. The students will come out in “flying colours” and the state will get good ratings in WAEC. But states where things are done more decently will seem to perform poorly on the WAEC table. In the end, who is deceiving who?

A positive thing coming out of the controversy over the recent “competency test” conducted by Mallam Nasir el-Rufai, the governor of Kaduna state, is that we are now having a sustained conversation around the quality of instruction in our schools. For too long, our attention has been more on the quality of infrastructure. We often complain about leaking roofs and dilapidated classrooms. Politicians and their allies have made billions of naira from contracts to build schools, but the quality of teaching has not improved in billions. You can have a classroom that looks like a five-star hotel, but what are the pupils learning? That is what counts the most.

I have read a number of comments on the Kaduna issue that caught my attention. One is that a competency test can only be legally conducted by the Teachers Registration Council of Nigeria (TRCN). And since we claim to be operating a constitutional democracy, then we have to follow the law. You can hardly argue against this position if you believe in the rule of law. However, the teachers that were tested by Kaduna state all have certificates from the same TRCN legally proclaiming them as “qualified”. And then you will turn to the same TRCN to assess them? What is the likely outcome? So whom are we deceiving but ourselves?

How do people get certified in Nigeria today? How did you get your driving licence? Did you go to a driving school? Did you do a driving test? Did you read the laws and regulations of driving? Do you understand the road signs around you? Do you know who should give way at a roundabout? If your answer to all these questions is “yes”, you deserve a national honour. I know many people who have driving licences but are yet to learn driving. I kid you not. With just N20,000, you can get a driving licence in Nigeria and hit the road. I don’t know how much it costs to get a TRCN “qualified teacher” certification, but you can buy it even if you can’t spell “teacher” correctly.

I also noted the argument about the “validity and reliability” of the test. It is an extension of the legality argument. I support things being done properly, I should say, but I am just curious: if you cannot spell “Donald Trump”, does it matter who is conducting the test? Would you be able to spell the name of the eccentric American president only if the test was conducted by TRCN and not by a consultant? I don’t get the argument, but I will let it pass. It is also argued that a civil servant may not be able to sing the national anthem but that does not mean he or she is unpatriotic. Beautiful analogy. But it still breaks down at some point: the national anthem is a competency test.

The officials of the National Union of Teachers (NUT) said the leaked scripts were not those of the teachers. They were filled by el-Rufai’s aides to ridicule the teachers, they said. In other words, the teachers are not that bad: el-Rufai is only calling a dog a bad name in order to hang it. Really? Do the NUT officials currently have their children in public schools? If so, are they happy with the quality of instruction their children are receiving there? Would the NUT officials please withdraw and enrol their children in public schools to prove their point, to put their money where their mouths are? It is very easy to pursue that line of argument when your own children are schooling at Corona.

For those of us who believe that the teachers are as bad as the test results showed, the next question is: what should be done? Sack them and recruit new ones — as el-Rufai wants to do? Re-train them? An interesting recommendation coming from the debate is the need to re-train the teachers. Some think that with an intensive course of about nine months, these teachers will learn to differentiate between a triangle and a square. This is a very optimistic suggestion. I wish I could be this generous. What experience has shown, though, is that while there will be those who can be still be salvaged, the majority may be unserviceable and, thus, unsuitable for teaching.

No matter the criticism of el-Rufai, we have someone who is not just worried about the quality of education but is determined to do something about it. All the governors must address this issue. We live in a society where politics colours everything and where labour unions are so powerful they can stop the rain from falling, but after the fire and the brimstone, it is very important to keep asking the question: is this how things should be? Can we maintain the status quo and expect a turn-around? Can we ever make a fundamental change by papering over the cracks? Can we make omelette without breaking eggs? Can we cleanse the education sector without a major surgery?

The biggest headache for me, though, is that there are so many things to reform about Nigerian institutions. The bureaucracy is sick and weak — no thanks to corruption. You bribe to get certified as a teacher. You bribe to get certified as a nurse. You bribe to get certified as a driver. You bribe to get your uniform as a police officer. You bribe police to investigate the theft of your car. You bribe to get university admission. You bribe to pass your exams. You bribe to graduate. Bribe makes way for everything in Nigeria, and the teaching profession is just a victim of the system. We can’t move forward under this rigged system. If the foundation be destroyed, what can the righteous do?

President Muhammadu Buhari last week backed the strategic education plan of Mallam Adamu Adamu, the minister of education. It’s a well-articulated plan. But, as we all know by now, it takes more than a plan. It takes more than a vision. It takes more than a man. All hands must be on deck. The institutions and human beings to actualise the vision have to be on the same page. Unfortunately, most unfortunately, Nigeria is such a warped society that when you think about reforming a critical sector like education, the only thing some people can see is money. The unions are there to put a spanner in the wheel, in any case. Who really cares about any vision?

Let’s be honest: if the TRCN were driven by a vision and were doing such a great job, the complaint we would have about our schools would be the infrastructure, not the teaching. All sorts of characters, both literate and illiterate, are certified as “qualified teachers”. I can say confidently that I was well taught in my primary school, even if we didn’t have great toilets or cushioned chairs. Over the decades, everything has gone on sale. Everything has a price. That is why we keep rigging the figures. We keep deceiving ourselves that things are improving when they are not. After eating one hundred yams, we will feast on another one hundred lies — like Kola (no relation).

======

NEW CUSTOM
Just when you see and hear things that should make you finally give up on Nigeria, a light suddenly flashes in the darkness. I was so encouraged by the testimony of a Customs officer in court on Thursday on the illegally imported 661 pump action rifles. Abdullahi Muhammad said he was offered a bribe of N8 million but he turned it down — and his supervisor fully supported him. Oh my God! In Nigeria? How many Customs officers would do that? In a country where, for filthy lucre, fake and substandard drugs — including life-saving insulin and antibiotics — easily pass through Customs, this inspires some optimism about Nigeria. Maybe we are not genetically corrupt, after all. Hope.

BUHARI KWENU!
President Muhammadu Buhari did what some called a “soft launch” of his 2019 re-election bid last week in the south-east, which is clearly the bastion of opposition to his government. He was received by the politicians and the traditional rulers. He was hosted to a banquet. He was even decorated with chieftaincy titles. Was this for real? Was it meant for the cameras? Is he genuinely wooing them? Are they genuinely responding to his touch? Are they faking it? Most crucially, are the Igbo elite and the people on the same page? In all honesty, it is difficult to know the fruits his overtures will produce, but I think there is a long way to go in winning them over. Dicey.

PEACEFUL POLL
It was heart-warming that the Anambra state governorship election went on smoothly on Saturday. I had my fears. The IPOB threat was there, and with allegations that the APC was hell-bent on taking the state to please President Buhari, I was wondering if we were not about to reverse the gains of previous elections. I wondered if we would not need a massive deployment of soldiers to reinforce security. When police withdrew Governor Willie Obiano’s security aides a few days to the D-Day, I almost gave up. You can now understand my relief that it went without any major incident and the turn-out was good. At least we should be able to get something right in this country. Progress.

MUGABE MISERY
How much is too much? President Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe has always carried on as if he can do and undo. His actions and decisions go unchallenged by his subjects. Slammed with a hefty hammer by the West since 1990 over his insistence on implementing agreements with the colonialists to cede land to blacks, Mugabe has watched his country wither like herb but he would rather eat grass than backtrack. He has not helped himself with a series of rash and selfish decisions that have worsened his country’s economic and political fortunes. Removing his VP to pave the way for his wife as his successor appears to be the final straw leading to a military intervention. Snookered.

  • Habmal

    In my opinion, Mr Simon had always tried to balance some issues and would not want to tilt to one side as some commentators always want him to do which I think is wrong. He had always pointed out the major problem with our country is leadership. And he is very right. All the problems bedevilling Nigeria some of which he has pointed out are problems of leadership. It’ll take a committed leader to do what El Rufai is doing in Kaduna State Educational system. Those critical of his method should tell how best he should do it if they can proffer a better solution.

  • Mystic mallam

    El-Rufai will soon head to Pakistan and India to recruit teachers for Kaduna schools. Recruiting indigenes to replace the sacked ones is like replacing bad cobblers with worse shoe-repairers.

    • Don Franco

      Indeed, so; just like Air Marshall Abubakar B. Sadiq, the Chief of Air Staff, has effectively made Pakistan his favorite country of procurement of military airraft and parts… talk of replacing bad cobblers with worse dhow repairers.

    • onyema22ohaka

      On point!
      Afterall the late sarduna headed to Pakistan and recruited teachers and “ulamas” who imbued the north with the wahabi and terrorist tendencies that pervade northern Nigeria today.

      • Mystic mallam

        Thanks Onyema22 for the information. I didn’t know the late Sardauna, but I know Mr El-Rufai. Lets watch and see what he’ll do.

  • moribund9ja

    Nigeria itself needs to be reformed

  • okbaba

    I’m sure we passed WITH flying colours, not IN flying colours; School certificate English.

    To aspire to the top, everyone of us must be held accountable, writing basic tests, from even the politicians, teachers and journalists down to the students.

    • Don Franco

      Dear Okbaba,

      Why don’t you start with our certificateless president. ..

      • Manuel Tobby

        That’s when we are through with certificated Rogues.

        • Don Franco

          Maybe you have it backwards. . It should be top-down; not bottom-up, please. ..

  • Olisa

    “So Many Things to Reform”
    Simon, there are so many things to reform because there is one fundamental thing that is yet to be reformed: the unitary system. Malaria is one disease with many symptoms, kill malaria and all the symptoms will disappear, behead medusa with one strike in the neck and all her hair of poisonous snakes will shrink and die. The unitary system is a curse upon this nation country: restructure it into regional autonomies and much of our seemingly complicated problems will shrink to a few tractable challenges.

    • Don Franco

      Dear Olisa:
      I couldn’t agree more with you, but Simon, to whom you’re preaching, is beyond redemption. ..

  • NoPeaceInOurTime

    Simon is quintessentially a Nigerian imbued with the military mentally of “immediate effect and automatic alacrity.” In civilized climes things are not done that way. How did Murtala Muhammed’s purge of 1975 help the Nigerian Civil Service? Has it not been traced as the source of the explosion of corruption in public service which hitherto had not been brazen? When Gowon interfered with the Universities in 1972 forcing them into the NLC against their wish and threatening Professors with sack and ejection from their quarters if they failed to comply did that not bring about the downward trend in Nigeria’s tertiary education as the learned started abandoning the classrooms for greener pastures overseas and that opened the door for the entrance of the less erudite into the citadels of learning? Read T.M. Yesufu on the history of Labour Union in Nigeria for more information on that ill-informed decision. The problem with the military rule in Nigeria is that it has bred a class of Nigerians who do not understand the art of negotiation any longer and created a sense of might is right at every turn. Simon spoke of well built and functional classrooms and all that which left me wondering where his samples where obtained from. He did not speak of how we should attract the best to teach. In the USA the Primary School teachers are better taken care and are more tenured than the University teachers who must prove themselves and get grants for their work. But here we let the worst teach the most vulnerable and expect fantastic results. I support the sacking of ill-trained teachers and indeed wish we had the best educators especially at the primary and secondary education level which are the most crucial as the pathway to a future of a knowledge driven society. We need to develop new thinkers and problem solvers who look at a problem from a long term perspective taking into account coherence of actions and systems thinking rather than creating sensationalism out of issues that need soberness.

  • Country man

    “In Nigeria, we have perfected a way of living on lies, cooking the books, dancing with the digits, and whitewashing the sepulchres.”

    Dear Simon,

    Unfortunately, the fourth estate of which you are part of, takes pole position when it comes to the above statement.
    The structures which we use to operate are very faulty, which is why the mentality of the average Nigerian is all the same – pay me salary as a teacher, policeman, etc whether I am qualified or not.
    You noted that we operate a rigged system and need a major surgery without pointing out clearly that we need to change our political and economic structures. In a previous article, you claimed its the operators of the system.

    Mr Simon, you need to stop speaking from two sides of the mouth and take a solid position. We need to get our structures right and it’s not just the educational structure; the whole system needs an overhaul.
    Whether the northern oligarchy wants to hear it or not, the sustainability of this nation lies in fully pressing the reset button.
    The fourth estate have a duty to the people to say the truth irrespective of the feelings of a certain privileged class who just want more of the same for the masses

    • Mystic mallam

      You are a true man of wisdom Mr Country-man. Mr kolawole speaks from both sides of his mouth like most liars and sycophants do. He knows now that the problem of education in kaduna state as in other states of Nigeria is more structural and systemic than the leadership nonsense he spews out from time to time. Let’s face a few facts: who dismantled the very elaborate and effective Teacher Training Programs that Regional Govts. [states] and Missionary Schools used to operate across the country? The damage to education in Nigeria was the outcome of deliberate and vision-free policies purportedly aimed at achieving educational uniformity, rapidly banishing educationally-disadvantaged areas, and arriving at the false utopia of Even Development. In the process, we have ended up transforming every part of the country into an educationally disadvantaged area while the promise of even development remains a foolish dream. Naturally, none of the reforms Simon is paying lip service to will ever happen in a cooped-up country where everyone must look up to the central government for approval to breathe free air. Let the Northern elite keep deceiving itself that unitary rule is working well for their people.

      • obinnna77

        Apt.

      • Country man

        Dear mystic mallam,
        Thanks a lot, I appreciate.
        Why simple facts like you stated above is not obvious to a lot of journalists and people continue to dumbfound me.
        This warped system is not working and will never work.
        However I do hope and believe that soon enough, the truth will overshadow the lie

        • Mystic mallam

          Sure my country friend, keep hope alive. In the fulness of time, the truth always prevails, even El- Rufai and his friends know that.

  • Mayo

    You said ‘…And then you will turn to the same TRCN to assess them? What is the likely outcome? So whom are we deceiving but ourselves?…’ This is the same pedestrian argument Govt supporters give when EFCC bungles their cases in court (even on technical terms raised by the defendant) – you hear stuff like ‘corruption fighting back’. Before nko? Did you expect the accused to meekly accept he is guilty?

    2 wrongs do not make a right. When you want to do something, especially fix an issue, you need to sit down and think about all the parts that encompass the issue – what is the main issue, what are the possible solutions, how do I go about legally implementing these solutions, how do I legally overcome any pushback by those who have been benefitting from this thing that I’m trying to fix? What will be the impact of these solutions that I’m trying to implement? If it is well intentioned but will cause pain, how do I sell it to the citizenry?

    Going back to the issue of this test, when government decided to conduct these tests, some questions they should have asked themselves are – what is the laid down procedure for conducting these tests? Which body is responsible for administering these tests? Are these bodies trustworthy? If they are not, what are our options? When government decided also that they would penalize those who failed, they should have known that the union would kick against it (that’s what unions are for) and so should have asked themselves – how do we checkmate these unions? Have we dotted our i’s and crossed our t’s so that the union will have no legal ground to attack us? These are the things you do in governance which is why sometimes governance might seem slow (not saying you should spend your whole time on analysis). But no, somebody will wake up and just decide to do something. Even if you have the best of intentions, if you do not follow due process, all your best intentions will come to nought and the reason why you have these laid down procedures is so that people will not abuse it.

    • share Idea

      What you stated is like Greek to APC government that feels that whatever they think about a particular situation should done without any push-back from citizens as their intention is divine intention that must be implemented to save the ungodly citizens from doom.

    • obinnna77

      Due process? In Niger-area? What an oxymoron. El Rufai deserves congratulations. He has finally found an issue that will keep him in the lime light for months to come. Street begging, itinerant preaching, Shiite decimation; were all too localised to exercise the Niger-arean consciousness. This teacher thing will do just fine for his status of gadfly, and a presidential ambition so intense that he cannot sit still.
      Beyond the protagonist though, this problem is systemic, like you pointed out. The tragedy is that it will be politicised, treated as symptomatic, with other governors playing copycat and to the gallery. Aso rock has even joined the bandwagon. Poor ‘teachers’.

    • Arinze_Ibeagwa

      Mayo, I agree with you on this – Strategy. I term it “Critical Thinking”. I encourage a 6Sigma analysis of our government policies before coming out to the public. It is really lacking in our governance.