SUBNATIONAL ELECTIONS: A ROUNDED VIEW OF OUR FAILINGS
Joshua J. Omojuwa argues that Nigeria should set the standard for democratic governments on the continent
One of my friends who had come to monitor the 2023 elections told me before any vote was cast that I should be grateful as a Nigerian, that no matter what happens, we still get to change our leaders at most in eight years. Whilst I have always been aware of that fact, hearing a foreigner say that helped to centre my attention on something I had taken for granted; the fact that our country had gone through many waters through the decades and amid all its challenges, we are comfortably in a place where we can change our leaders at every turn. But today’s piece is not about most viable minimal outcomes but about asking the best of us.
In 2013, a governor led the campaign against one of his opponents by branding said opponent a ‘Yoruba candidate’ in a South-eastern state. The governor’s party on the back of his approval went the extra mile of printing posters of said candidate with photos of Chief Obafemi Awolowo to buttress the point whilst contrasting that with posters of his own candidate with photos of Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe and Ikemba Odumegwu-Ojukwu. A decade on, it was shocking and sad to see some voters in Lagos disenfranchised by thugs who prevented them from voting on suspicion they were Igbo. Along with reports of violence and other forms of electoral malpractice across the country, including states like Rivers, Enugu, Delta, Abia, Anambra, Bayelsa, etc., you would expect much better from INEC and some Nigerians by now. This is not to say, ‘nothing has changed’ as some people want us to believe. But we should be doing much better than we generally did these 2023 elections. There should be no place for the violence seen across several states during the subnational elections.
If controversies invalidated election results, all the previous presidential elections from 1999 to date would be deemed invalid. The same would go for most of the subnational elections. It is not impossible to admit shortcomings whilst still accounting for progress. It is particularly shocking when some people insist on claiming that just because an election was conducted amidst some form of violence, the results are invalid, without consideration for the depth and spread of such violence and their effect on the total votes cast. That said, every form of violence and electoral malpractice must be condemned by all and sundry. The authorities must prosecute everyone arrested carrying out such crimes. That ought to be the minimal expectation.
The biometric reforms introduced to voter accreditation has now ensured that election results no longer return the ‘millions’ of votes they used to return across the country. When you compare the numbers since the advent of biometric accreditation against the elections of the noughties, it could not be clearer that numbers were bumped for most of those elections. INEC performed below par in 2023 based on the expectations of Nigerians and the standards it asked to be judged against, this should not be confused with claims that these elections are worse off than those elections that had no forms of electronic auditing.
Elections that ought to bring us together appear to have further divided us. This is what happens when we play on the fault lines of our differences, be it religion or ethnicity. This is not even limited to difference in religion, politicians have run campaigns on the differences between sects and denominations even in states that are largely of one religion. We have also seen such divisive politics played among people of the same ethnic group, with politicians exploring differences even amongst people of the same ethnic origin and religion.
Those of us who know better must do better. Nigeria has played around the borderlines of mediocrity for too long. Whilst INEC for instance deserves all the blames it is getting, the outcomes that warranted those blames should not be seen in isolation; we have a behavioral challenge that’s got nothing to do with INEC. You could hire a new Chairman for INEC who would do a better job, but this would only be incremental or marginal change at best. To see some sort of discontinuous change from organisations like INEC, you’d have to look at the root of the matter.
Now that the elections are over, we now look up to the Judiciary to live up to expectations. If we organized better elections, the Judiciary would have less to do, and its already packed schedule would not get over burdened by endless election petitions. In the end, our shortcomings at every turn have a way of costing us at every turn immediately after. We keep carrying gaps from one level of governance to the other.
One used to think that the more power devolves to the states, the less the agitation for power we’d see at the centre. It now appears to me that, except we address the root of the matter, we’d at best be transferring the unwholesome obsession with power at the centre to the states. That’d make an already bad situation worse. It is the same issue with state policing. Whilst one believes states should have their own police and be truly in charge of their own security, without addressing the root of the issues that make the Federal Police what it is, we’d only be spreading those issues across the states, this time, in the different colours of their various prospective uniforms.
The Washington Post in its editorial whilst taking a rounded view of Nigeria’s just concluded elections wrote, ‘even a flawed election in Nigeria can set a standard in a part of Africa where staging a coup is more common than canvassing for votes,’ it is our responsibility to now go from organising elections just to say we have done it to organizing one that would be the standard, not just for a region still battling with the challenges of coups, but the standard for democratic governments across the continent. Let’s be the African standard for a start.
Omojuwa is chief strategist, Alpha Reach and author, Digital Wealth Book