2023: NJC Issues Judges’ Policy Direction on Political, Election Cases

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Alex Enumah


As political activities continue to increase towards the 2023 general election, the National Judicial Council (NJC) has issued a Policy Direction to guide judges that would be handling political and election related cases.
The new regulations according to the body was borne out of concern in “the multiplicity of litigations of political suits at different courts of coordinate jurisdiction across the nation”, which according to the NJC is responsible for “conflicting orders on the same issues and facts”.


A statement from the Director Information, NJC, Mr Soji Oye, disclosed that the decision was made on May 10 and 11 at the 98th Meeting of the NJC.
The meeting was chaired by  the Chief Justice of Nigeria (CJN) Justice Ibrahim Muhammad.
The statement noted that, “These Policy Directions shall apply to all suits filed in any court in Nigeria wherein the parties include Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC), any political party or its officers, any other person, natural or legal, suing or sued for a declaration in relation to any action taken or to compel or restrain any action or omission with respect to the affairs of a political party or any election into a public office”.
It explained further that the objectives amongst others is to “Prevent the multiplicity of litigations at different Courts of coordinate jurisdiction across the nation, resulting in conflicting orders on the same issues and facts;
“Recognise that courts need to embrace prudential limitations on their powers with a view to curtailing the incidences of unscrupulous forum shopping disrupting the administration of justice and the democratic process; and “Acknowledge that the circumstances necessitate further administrative measures and procedures to complement and support the judicial process”.
The Policy Directions read:”Without  prejudice to the powers of Election Petitions Tribunals constituted pursuant to the provisions of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
“Pending the Constitution of a Cross Jurisdiction Litigation Panel (CJLP) to give directions on appropriate litigation for a for cross jurisdiction litigations: All suits to which these Policy Directions apply shall be filed, received, or entertained only at the High Court of the Federal Capital Territory in so far as the relief sought, or potential consequential order (s) or declaration (s) may restrain or compel persons or actions beyond the territorial jurisdiction of any one State;
“Where such suits are within the exclusive jurisdiction of the Federal High Court, they shall be filed or received at Abuja and assigned by the Chief Judge of the Court;
“All such suits wherein the cause of action arose in a State and the relief seeks a declaration or to compel or restrain person (s), natural or legal, within that State’s territory, with no consequence outside the State, shall be filed, received, or heard only in that State;
“All Heads of Court shall assign cases or constitute panels with a view to forestalling the incidences of conflicting judgements and rulings;
“Once facts or issues have been ruled upon, no other Court or Panel of Coordinate Jurisdiction shall be assigned or entertain Suits on the same subject matter and parties shall comply or proceed on appeal to the appropriate higher Court;
“Rules of Court shall require sufficient notice and publicity of actions that potentially impact other cases;
“Rules of Court shall stipulate solemn disclosure duties on litigants filing actions that may impact other actions.
“Heads of Court shall exercise their rule making and administrative powers to give effect to these Policy Directions”.
The direction according to the statement comes into effect from  May 11, 2022.
Meanwhile, the NJC has considered the list of candidates presented by its Interview Committee and recommended 49 successful candidates for appointment as Heads of Courts and other Judicial Officers in Nigeria.
The council in addition, also received Six notifications of retirements and One notification of death from the Federal and State High Courts.