Chineme Okafor in Abuja
The Minister of State for Petroleum Resources, Dr. Ibe Kachikwu, wednesday disclosed that the crude oil production exemption granted to Nigeria in 2016 by member countries of the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and non-OPEC members led by the Russian Federation has helped the country raise its foreign exchange reserves to $45 billion from $25 billion.
Kachikwu stated this in a podcast that was released by his office in Abuja where he explained how his shuttle diplomacy across member countries of OPEC resulted in the famous production cap agreement that has helped shore up oil prices in the international market.
According to him, Nigeria’s request for a production cap exemption during the negotiations ensured the country was able to produce and sell more oil which resulted in about $20 billion addition to its foreign exchange reserves.
“We took over OPEC when prices were plummeting and countries were fighting over who would bring in barrels of oil. It was a very tough time to lead OPEC and my job was stopping the attrition war and see how everybody could cooperate and help OPEC regain its credibility, relevance and premium pricing, and this resulted to the OPEC declaration,” Kachikwu said.
He noted that Nigeria played very key roles in all the negotiation stages as well as in leadership of subcommittees, and in crafting of the final agreements parties were then meant to sign.
According to him, “But more importantly for us was that we succeeded in negotiating an exemption at a time when countries were compelled to reduce volumes drastically to shore up the volumes that were to be taken out of the market.
“It wasn’t an easy negotiation for Nigeria but we got it and subsequently renewed the exemption over two periods. This stabilised supplies, income, and our budget was able to get largely funded.
“We began to see our reserves for the first time grow dramatically from an all-time $25 billion to as high as $45 billion currently-$20 billion movement in terms of reserves growth.” the minister explained.
Kachikwu, who stated that resolving the Niger Delta problem was significant in achieving development, said getting the OPEC to elect Dr. Barkindo Mohammed as its Secretary General has also helped Nigeria regain its relevance within the cartel.
He, however, suggested that Nigeria would need to take proactive steps to enjoy the revenues from the improved oil prices, adding: “We need to continue to look at the global oil market that continues to do a pendulum movement; we need to do this because the earlier Nigeria can reap the best benefits in terms of the incomes from this resource, the better we can do our diversification project, the better we can finance our budgets and create employment, peace and harmony as well as better lifestyle that we have as Nigerian citizens.”
Similarly, the minister said last Tuesday at the closing ceremony of the just concluded 2018 edition of the Nigerian Gas Association (NGA) conference and exhibition that if Nigeria fails to take urgent steps to attract foreign direct investments (FDIs) into its gas sector, the country could end up self-funding gas development projects soon.
He noted further that the country sadly does not have the kind of money needed to fund such gas development projects if it was to do that by itself. According to him, emerging gas producing countries in Africa are becoming stiff competitors to Nigeria, hence the need for the country to improve its gas policy.
“We have an urgency of yesterday. If we do not take steps to attract the very limited diaspora capital that is out there for gas, and they all fizzle out into emerging economies in Africa who are finding gas almost by the day, we will get to a point where we will have to invest our own monies which we don’t have to move gas forward.
“So, there is a huge amount of urgency to not just get stuck in policies that don’t move gas forward,” said Kachikwu.
The minister said he believed that gas could provide electricity to millions of Nigerians who do not have electricity presently.