Since 15 weeks ago when the Life Lessons Interview column was introduced, it has continued to attract increased followers, as over 150,000 persons now track it directly weekly, minus the pass on rates.
Significantly, too, text messages and e-mails have continued to pour in from readers with some asking for a platform to interact with the guests we have featured for deeper insights into some of the issues we raised with them.
I raised this particular request with some of those we have featured; and interestingly, they all agreed that once in a while, they would be willing to address any issues raised by readers. This is the first in what could be described as mentoring sessions. In this first edition, we are featuring responses from three of our national mentors, Engineer Yemisi Shyllon, Dr. Sam Adeyemi, Mr. Jimi Agbaje and Mr. Dayo Lawuyi. Please enjoy the insights. Questions to any of the featured guests could be sent as SMS to 09067059433, or as an e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org. Past editions can be viewed at: http://tinyurl.com/y8bodjaa
IT WILL TAKE A GREAT EFFORT TO RESTOR CONFIDENCE IN THE STOCK MARKET.
â€œI understand you were once an active and successful investor in the Nigerian Stock market. What would you describe as your rules for investing in the market, especially the ones that helped you personally? What do you think is the future of the Nigerian stock market? Will we ever get out of the current fluctuating situation?”
â€œI must first admit that investment in stock was my first preferred vehicle for building my wealth, and it was a very rewarding one. I started buying shares when I was in the University of Ibadan (UI), Ibadan, in Oyo State, which over time earned me fortune. They were selling shares then, 60 or 68 Kobo. As a student, I would just buy about 100 shares, 200 shares. Guinness was selling at 60 kobo when I bought it and I sold it at N283 per share. I
bought NestlÃ© at N17 and the price rose to N360 when I sold it. Nigerian Breweries was selling for N4 when I bought it, but it was N200 when I sold it. That strategy of buying when the price is low and selling when it appreciated reasonably made me fortune.
MY RULES FOR INVESTING
The rules came in phases. At the initial stage, I relied essentially on accurately interpreting the impact government policies would have on the economy. At that time, there was this indigenisation policy in which shares being held by foreigners were being transferred to Nigerians. Some of the companies also Nigerianised by transferring their operations to Nigerians. I used to read newspapers a lot from where I was able to gather a lot of information to analyse the situation of things. My perception then, was that the stock market would grow and the value of the shares would increase. So, I started to buy shares. I was right
After some time, interpreting the government policies was not enough .I had to train to become a chartered stockbroker; I had to apply strict rules of professional practice to my investment in shares by subjecting the stocks I wanted to invest in to both trend and fundamental analyses. Trend analysis allows you to look at the trend and regression lines of the value of the stock. If it points upward combined with the perception that it would continue to grow, then, you would buy.
Fundamental analysis enables you to analyse the financial accounts of the companies issuing the shares to determine what the real value of the shares would be vis-Ã -vis the market value of the shares.
The Nigerian Stock Exchange, at a point, gave Nigerians confidence to invest their hard-earned money based on false promises. Initial Public Offerings (IPOs) were issued. Prices were manipulated and investors bought the shares. As it turned out, some of the companies did not even issue share certificates. Indeed, some of the companies went bankrupt, leaving those who invested in them in the lurch. Some investors even committed suicide. And when you have a situation as this, from experience, people lose confidence in the stock market.
Donâ€™t forget, stock investment anywhere in the world is governed by perception: that the value of the stocks they are investing in would grow in future. So, when that hope is affected, people would not invest and that is where we have found ourselves in Nigeria.
Some people have suggested that a way out of this is to diversify your portfolio. But this may not necessarily bring any relief because in a situation where the bulk of the stocks are going downward, regardless of where you diversify to, you would still be affected. Donâ€™t forget that some of the investors invest in stocks because of the regular income they hope to get from the companies through dividends. But what we have experienced is that because of mismanagement, some of the companies could not give them the regular income they are expecting.
There is a problem. Government policies are not helping matters. From my observations, the returns on the money market instruments are far greater than what you have in the stock market. So, any reasonable investor would always put his money in the money market, and preferably in the mutual funds which are based on baskets of money market investment instruments. Until government is able to put in place policies that would restore investorsâ€™ confidence and also protect them from infractions, you would continue to see people shy away from the market. In terms of the short-term horizon, it is not encouraging but in the long run, if government can put in place enabling policies, perhaps the stock market can regain its lost glory. Government should also consider putting long-term investment such as the pension funds in the stock market. That would attract institutional investors and also boost confidence in the market.
My final advice is that anyone who wants to invest in the stock market successfully must study the market. He must train himself. I had to train as a stockbroker, and that gave me better understanding of the marketâ€.
YOUR MIND CAN BE TRAINED.
I agree with you that the mind is the most important asset for any human being. I also agree that taking control of oneâ€™s mind is the most difficult exercise people face. What would you suggest as the most important steps for taming the mind, the ones that have helped you especially?”
â€œThe most important steps for taming the mind are feeding the mind with higher quality information consistently, disrupting old thinking patterns, meditating to gain new insights, and acting on new ideas. I have fed my mind with information through reading, watching and listening to a large volume of books, CDs and audios, attending conferences, having mentors, taking postgraduate courses, and travelling. I identify the negative thoughts I don’t want to continue and whenever I realise I’m thinking them, I shout, jump up, or simply say the new thing I believe. Prayer helps a great deal here. I do this consistently to break thinking habits. I â€œkillâ€ negative thoughts. I take time to think deeply (meditate), especially early in the morning. I do new combinations of ideas and gain insights. Then, I act on the new ideas I get. It is through action that I understand and establish the ideas that work. Hanging with people who think like I want to think has helped greatly. Association can bring promotion or destruction because it has one of the greatest influences on one’s thoughtsâ€.
SYSTEM IS THE ANTIDOTE TO SUCCESSION PROBLEM
“You said you made a costly mistake in your succession plans but there are some hanging questions:
- Did you discuss with the affected staff whileÂ you were making plans for the succession and if you did, what were their reactions?
- You did not elaborate on what you did to bring your company back on track.
- Based on what you now know, what would you do differently given the same scenario?”
â€œA. There had been other branches where the most competent and innovative senior staff were sent to manage. So, it was clear I wasn’t running a family business. It was also clear that these particular persons were next in line. I did not really see the need to sit them down and tell them.
- The only way to bring back/ keep the company on track is to constantly strengthen the institutional procedures, not just the people, even though that is also important. So when a head leaves, whoever is taking over has a basic template as a guide. The extra comes from his or her personal vision.
- I’m not sure I could have done it differently. Once you have put a proper system in place, you must identifyÂ and reward hardworking, efficient and innovative staff. The human elementÂ is the uncertain part of a business equation!â€
DUNLOP WILL BE BACK SOON.
“In your interview, you were quoted to have said: â€œThe good news is that we can now see some light at the end of the tunnelÂ and we believe that
â€˜dry bones shall rise again.â€ Could you please elaborate on this, sir? What are the important updates we need to know about Dunlop?”
â€œYes, we can see some light at the end of the tunnel. Virtually all the debts owed the banks have been repaid and we are in the process of re-organisation such that skeletal services can resume. It has been a long and difficult road, but we are grateful that our stakeholders stood by us and showed understanding along the way. Further information will be provided as we conclude the processes we are in now.â€