â€¢Â UN agency:Â Nigeria producesÂ finest quality of Methamphetamine in the world, barons raked inÂ $939 millionÂ in threeÂ years
By Yemi AdebowaleÂ Â Â
The recent massacre at the St. Philip’s Catholic Church, Ozubulu, Anambra State, linked to a gang war among the Nigerian Methamphetamine barons, which resulted in the death of 13 people has brought to the fore the increasing prominent role of Nigerians in the global illicit drug trade.Â
This upsurge in the involvement of Nigerians in the global cocaine and heroin business has resulted in the arrest and conviction of many the couriers, including students, in Malaysia and Thailand where demand for hard drug is very high.
According to sources at the Malaysian embassy in Nigeria, out of 81 Nigerians on death row in their country, 80 ofÂ Â them were sentenced to death for drug-related offences.
â€œAs at today, 123 Nigerian students are in various detention centers after being arrested by Royal Malaysian Police for drug trafficking. This is out of a total of 350 foreign students in detention in Malaysia,â€ said the embassy sources.
Another source at the Thai embassy informed THISDAY that another batch of 350 Nigerians were in prison in Thailand for trafficking mainly cocaine and heroin.
The finest quality of the deadly synthetic illicit drug called Methamphetamine which is produced in Nigeria is also enjoying a boom and exported mainly to Japan.
Further investigation revealed that South Africa had also joined the list of destination of choice for the Nigerian barons to market Methamphetamine.
THISDAY gathered that the Methamphetamine barons were being assisted by Mexicans and Colombians in clandestine laboratories scattered all over the South-east.
Unfortunately, the National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA) appears incapable of arresting the situation as many of its officers collude with the barons, alongside NAFDAC officials, who regulate the importation of ephedrine, used in the manufacturing of Methamphetamine.
Sources said the NDLEA officials were further hindered by other factors like lack of operational vehicles and computers, poor funding by the federal government and low officers’ morale. “The situation is so bad that the agency monthly imprest is hardly available for the various commands to maintain a modicum of operational readiness. Most of the commands are being run with bribe money from drug lords.”
THISDAY checks revealed that the headquarters of the drug agencyÂ Â Â located in Lagos on Shaw Road, Ikoyi was cut offÂ Â public electricity supply for almost a year, and was just restored a few weeks back. The Lagos office could not even install the generator donated to them by international partners.Â Â The generator is still lying idle in agency’s premises,” a source revealed.
A recent report by the International Narcotic Control Board (INCB) which covered a period of three years. 2012 to 2014, had confirmed that the finest quality of Methamphetamine is produced in Nigeria and exported to mainly Japan.Â
This report wasÂ Â analysed by NDLEA/NAFADC Inter-agencyÂ Â Strategic Intelligence team which estimated that this illicit business has fetched drug barons in Nigeria about $939 million in the last three years.
The recent massacre in OzubuluÂ Â was linked to a gang war among the Nigerian Methamphetamine barons over sharing of proceeds of the illicit trade.
The INCB report detailed that Methamphetamine “is produced from ephedrine, which is also used to produce licit drugs like cough syrups.”
However, the INCB revealed that poor regulation of the importation of ephedrine into Nigeria had resulted into the diversion of the large quantity imported to the production of methamphetamine in clandestine laboratories scattered around South-east of the country.
The INCB report titled, â€˜Methamphetamine â€“ The New Danger in The Illicit Drug Business,â€™ stated: â€œMethamphetamine is a synthetic illicit drug produced from ephedrine. For this reason, ephedrine is listed in the Second Schedule of the NDLEA Act as a Psychotropic substance. However, ephedrine is also used to produce licit drugs like cough syrups. For this reason, ephedrine is imported under control because of its licit uses.â€
The INCB, saddled with the responsibility of regulating the country needs of narcotic drugs and precursor chemicals for licit uses, stated further that Nigeriaâ€™s main sources of importation of ephedrine were India and to a lesser extent Germany.
An analysis of the importation figures of ephedrine into Nigeria in theÂ Â three years under review by INCB showed a disparity of about 8 tons of ephedrine between what India records as having been exported to Nigeria and what the National Agency for Drugs Administration and Control, (NAFDAC) claims was imported from India.
The INCB stated that Nigeria drug barons were smiling to their banks with Methamphetamine production: â€œIn Asia, especially Japan, 1 kg of Methamphetamine ranges between USD150,000 and USD200,000. That is to say the 8 ton disparity of ephedrine imported into NigeriaÂ in three years, which is presumed diverted for the production of Methamphetamine, would yield approximately USD 939m for the 6263kg.â€
It stated that diversion of ephedrine in Nigeria took place through â€œmis-declaration (false) or non-declaration or obtaining permits in excess of licit needs – stockpiling and/or deferring production.
Investigations reveal further that Methamphetamine is hot in demand globally, and fetches more money than cocaine because â€œit is stronger in the long run and holds addicts longer.â€
Wikipedia reveals: â€œCocaine and meth are a lot alike, while being completely different. The high is similar, cocaine is much stronger initially, but it doesn’t last. People on cocaine need to use more cocaine constantly. Meth will take you almost to the same level as cocaine, but not quite there. But then meth holds you at that point for sixteen hours without needing more.Â
â€œCocaine is a numbing agent; it will cause you to not be able to feel tactile sensations. A person who is really high on cocaine can handle pain well because he is numb to it in some ways. A person on meth will feel all the sensations as though he wasn’t on meth, but the meth user won’t care about things likeÂ that if he doesn’t want to. Meth makes you ignore your pain but aware of it if you cared.Â
â€œThey will both turn you into a raving lunatic after constant habitual use, but meth will take you there after a few days while cocaine may take a few months before you will be a complete addict.â€