On The Greatness of Nigeria


Below are excerpts from a post on the social media pushing a counter proposition that Nigeria is a ‘great’ country. It is unique in the respect that it seeks to controvert the premise on which the international community and the overwhelming majority of Nigerians think so poorly of Nigeria. In a manner of speaking, it is intended as positive propaganda for Nigeria and will find companionship in the new tradition being set by public communication proxies of President Donald Trump of the United states, called ‘alternative facts’. There is however a qualitative superiority to the Trump tradition-all the citations made to support this propaganda effort are factual and verifiable.

“I cannot help but copy and share this. I’m proud to be a Nigerian. A Russian saw me in my office and said where are you from, I said am from the greatest country in the world. He looked at me with a very strange look and said let me guess you are from Nigeria, I said yes. Out of curiosity he said considering what’s happening in your country now why would you say she’s the best in the world and I asked him to sit down and let me tell him what he and most people don’t not know about Great Nigeria and I told him these”…….

“Are you aware that all over the world Nigerians are setting the pace and becoming the standard by which others measure themselves? Do you know that in the US, Nigerians are the most educated immigrant community. Type it into Google and you’ll see it. Not one of the most educated, the most educated. 60% of Nigerians in the US have college degrees. This is far above the American national average of 30%. Nigerians in US are one of the highest earners, typically earning 25% more than the median US income of $53k”.

“In Ivy League schools in Europe and America, Nigerians routinely outperform their peers from other nations. A Nigerian family, The Imafidon family, have officially been named the smartest family in the UK. The designer of the famous car, Chevrolet Volt, Jelani Aliyu, is a super talented Nigerian from Sokoto State. The World’s fastest supercomputer was designed by a world renowned inventor and scientist, Philip Emeagwali, a full-blown Nigerian whose patency was awarded in 2015.

“The wealthiest Black man and woman on earth are Nigerians, Aliko Dangote and Mrs. Folorunsho Alakija. Both have no trace of criminal records of any kind. South Africa couldn’t have ended apartheid & achieved Black rule if not for the leadership role Nigeria played. Of the 3 South African Presidents who ruled after apartheid, two of them once lived in Nigeria under asylum. Both Nelson Mandela (60s) and Thabo Mbeki (70s) lived in Nigeria before becoming President of South Africa. We gave financial support, human support, boycotted an Olympics and our politicians, musicians and activists campaigned relentlessly.

“Nigeria spent over $3 Billion and lost hundreds of soldiers to end the wars in both Liberia and Sierra Leone which the world ignored because they have no oil. When there was a coup in São Tomé and Príncipe in 2003, Nigeria restored the elected President back to power. Before there were street lights in European cities, ancient Benin kingdom had street lights fueled by palm oil. 500 years ago, Benin casted metal alloys to create magnificent art including the world famous Queen Ida Mask. Amina was a warrior queen who ruled Zaria Emirate in Kaduna state, Northwestern Nigeria 400 years ago in 1610. Google and see what she means to Africa”.

“We gave monetary gifts to Ireland during our oil boom and built a statue for France free of charge. We are not poor blacks. Nigeria is rich and don’t be lied to. The first television station in Africa was NTA Ibadan (1960) long before Ireland has their RTE station………Wherever you look in this great country, Nigeria, heroes/heroines abound both now and in our recent and ancient past. If all you do is listen to mainstream Western media, you’ll not get the full and true picture of your Nigerian heritage.

“We’re not a nation of scammers, drugs and corruption, but a people with a verifiable track record of greatness…….. On the 7th of May, 2016 at Howard University in Washington D.C history was made. Out of 96 graduating Doctor of Pharmacy candidates, 43 of them were Nigerians and out of 27 awards given, 16 went to Nigerians. The entire world still envies our uniqueness as a NATION, living together despite our ethnic diversity. One single country with over 400 languages. ..
“If you don’t blow your trumpet, no one will blow it for you. There are over 180,000,000 Nigerians world over and only about 250,000 of this figure have traceable criminal records. This is about 0.14% of our entire national population in the last 20 years: nothing close to 1%”.I am proud am created a Nigerian, thank you God. …. God bless Federal Republic Of Great Nigeria”. Courtesy… Adako-Lemese Mayowa

The singular trend that runs through this political evangelism and exhortation to pride and patriotism is the externalisation of Nigeria’s greatness-extrapolated from the mostly individual and communal accomplishments of Nigerians in the diaspora. The question then arises as-to what extent is it valid to attribute and appropriate this phenomenon as the achievement of Nigeria and what is the utility of this observation for a honest and critical accounting of contemporary Nigerian development history?

Our first contention is that the greatness being cited here is not produced by Nigeria. It is a product of the modernisation effect of the societies to which individual Nigerians have relocated and repatriated. It is a product of assimilation, adaptation and positive response to the development stimulus abounding in those foreign societies. There is also the contributory factor of what Jide Osuntokun elsewhere conceptualised as the ‘immigrant drive hostility syndrome’. It is illustrated as the extra motivation and achievement consciousness that generally drive and compel immigrants to put in the extra efforts in their desperate quest for success; to perceive success and failure in zero sum terms- in all or nothing, no margin for error starkness.

The most critical factor at the root of development is the prevalent value and social ethos on which citizen behaviour is predicated as (for instance) originally propounded by Max Webber in ‘the spirit of capitalism and the protestant ethic’. The corollary here is that unlike those foreign societies whose values and positive incentive system predispose Nigerians in diaspora to succeed, it is difficult to imagine how Nigeria can progress heedless of the inhibitory values prevalent therein- notably the displacement of the work and productivity ethic by the consumption culture and national indifference to the norm of finding illumination in the guiding light of the scientific imagination.
The unique success profile of Nigerians in the diaspora is amenable to generational classification and interpretation- comprising the Baby boomers, Generation X and the Millennials. The baby boomers and Generation X are the cohorts (generation groups) consisting of those who were born from 1946 to 1964 and from the early 1960s to early 1980s whilst the Millenials reference the cohort born between 1982 and 2004.

The majority of Nigerians in the diaspora belonging in the first two generation groups were mentally acculturated to a Nigeria tradition that was still relatively work ethic/modernisation oriented before their emigration. This was the enabling background to the seamless adaption to their new environment. Their Millenials counterparts, especially the successful ones, are mostly Nigerians who were born in their adopted foreign societies by Nigerian immigrant parents. It follows that their socialisation and acculturation are prescribed and dictated by the cultural values and social ethos of their countries of their birth.

Until probably 1980, Nigerian standards were largely comparable to the average universal standard owing to the fact that there was still a relatively operative positive correlation between productivity and reward; between hard work and progress. And it is not a coincidence that the erosion of this development oriented culture corresponds to the destruction of federalism in Nigeria. The success of federalism in Nigeria was implied in the National development success undergirded by the spirit of the competitive modernisation of the first republic-among the four regions. This positive rivalry and peer pressure was mostly discernible in the relationship between the Eastern and Western regions.

Yes the Northern region was lagging behind but the regional leaders sought to grapple with this challenge rather than shy away from it. And it was in palpable subscription to the development ethic, that the region sought to create a space and pace for the attainment of comparable modernisation. Notwithstanding the educational disparity, the wish of the Northern region to remain part of Nigeria was predicated on two premises. The first was the shared willingness and disposition to continue and thrive in the tradition of the legacy of the western modernisation development model bequeathed by the British colonialists. The second premise was the preservation of a regional comfort zone and autonomous space to chart the pace of regional development undisturbed by extra regional interventions.

The other regions might have arrived at a similar memorandum of understanding through a different route but this was the formulation of Nigerian federalism that was given force and effect in the independence constitution. The success of these three regions was the success of Nigeria and events thereafter would prove the verity that within the context of Nigeria, development can neither be imposed nor decreed from the top. Correspondingly, the poster boy failure of the thirty six liability states equals the failure of Nigeria.

The first casualty of the destruction of federalism in Nigeria was the spirit of competitive modernisation rivalry among Nigerians. The post-civil war unitary ideology of equalisation/unity and stability unwittingly generated the restructuring of Nigeria into a structural abnormality in which socio economic development was no longer a priority focus in the creation of states; a restructuring that has fostered the transformation of Nigeria from a functional society founded on the work and productivity ethic into a dysfunctional polity undermined by the permeation and suffusion of the consumption culture syndrome-economic free fall and political instability fuelled by corruption and impunity.

  • Don Franco

    Dear Professor Osuntokun,

    I commend your gifted pen for this immensely erudite exposition on the guiding principles by virtue of which Nigerian diaspora distinguished itself, including the defeatist mindset and institutional failures in consequence of which we are tethering on the edge of a banana Republic and failed state. That Nigeria was designed to fail from inception is quite evident from the ethnic and religious-based distemper that taint our general ways of life and civic institutions, a miasma that reinforce the urgency for restructuring and Biafra.

    • Mystic mallam

      Mr Don Franco, you do have your points, but sincerely, Nigeria was not designed to fail from inception. There was nothing fundamentally wrong with the 1960/1963 constitutions that could not have been easily remedied. Nigeria started to fall apart and fail with military intervention and its unsolicited, ill-considered re-engineering of the basis of the Nigerian union. That re-engineering was neither altruistic nor nationalistic, it was all about ownership and control of rent from crude oil. Akin Osuntokun is right to separate the individual successes of diaspora Nigerians from the structures-imposed failures of the home country. To base our bragging rights on the achievements of the ”foreign Nigerians” is akin to drinking excessive quantities of cool-aid; comprehensively self delusional.

      • Don Franco

        Dear Mystic Mallam,

        You may please contextualize my assertion that Nigeria was designed by the British to fail from inception the terms of the Richards Constitution, and how the political leadership was intentionally domiciled on the least educated and deplorably backward leg of the tripod; including the ignoble role played by the same Britain in the genocide of 3 million Biafrans, expressly to maintain northern domination of the tripod.
        How can a people who do not share the same mindset; values, culture, customs and tradition; or even love of learning and secular jurisprudence, for example, have one one destiny in a shared republic? It’s still not working, has never worked, is not gonna work; hence l say it was designed about initio to fail.

        • un spkn

          Dear Don Franco,

          you have a simple problem my friend. You see everything from a tribalized view. The same way the Black Americans of America see everything from a racial view. That is not to say the SE/SS is no politically disadvantaged or that the Black Americans are not structurally oppressed. But when every thing you do in life, every decision you make, every thought you think, is first filtered through the lenses of these societal contructs, you limit your ability to be objective. U fall victim to ‘Junk Politics’. Politics of prejudices and feelings rather than the rationaility of reality. Therefore, you see urself as the victim, n this is the mentality you have to life, your work, the kind of friends you keep. It is always somebody else’s fault. Nothing can ever be your fault. Ask yourselve, under the current circumstances and political structure, could we have done better?

          Scotland is in a similar political situation. In a forced marriage to Britain. Britain sucks its oil and agricultural produce and gives little back. But that has not stopped scotland from developing. Scottish people are brilliant, well educated and they have a vibrant economy.

          Yes there are tribal injustices sewn into the fabric of our constitution, but that is not what has caused under-development in Nigeria. Infact, I dare to say these two things are totally unrelated. Nothing stopped the NIger Delta from being Dubai and Nothing stopped the SE from creating an environment where their people can thrive. The north is not dubai either. So we cant accept the ‘Northerners in power, so our people cannot develop in nIgeria’.

          You need to take off those tribal blindfolds of yours and bring down your ego to accept the painful truth. Nigeria could have succeded if the leaders did the right thing. It is actually that simple. Nigerian governors did not put the money given to them into the development of their regions. Was it as Hausa man that was governor in SE/SS regions. Nope. Why are you not holding your leaders accountable?

          Let us do that. From North to South. The tribal nonsense is unrelated to our developement. That is not to say however that it is not there. It is. But for the basic problem of under development, n progress, the tribal things has nothing to do with that.

          • Don Franco

            Dear Un Spkn,

            You have said so much, but you have said nothing. Everything that blacks do not have today in America, they don’t have simply because they are black; but everything that white people have and own in America, they have, because they’re white. It is no different for Southeasterners in Nigeria. In other words, being fodder for the American racially biased prison industrial complex, after 450 years of slavery; and systemic continuous murder by white law enforcement officers, of even o15 year old black boys is acceptable to yourself ? Blacks in America are the wretched of the earth. . New research has shown that Adolf Hitler premised his Final Solution to the Jewish problem on the model of white America’s institutionalized racism against blacks, including their human experiments, where Dr. Josef Mangele was slicing up pregnant Jewish specimens, patterned after the US ones where blacks were injected with deadly viruses and observed over time. … like the beheadings of Igbos and Christians in the north which now is a regular occurrence, along with herdsmen killings.
            Do you think that it was for nothing that the great Chinua Achebe wrote in his parting-shot book, There Was A Country, that nothing unites the rest of Nigeria more, than their hatred of the Igbo? I wish it were possible to live in a country where a person can dedicate precious time to higher learning and great achievements, without the encumbrances of quota systems and federal character that are expressly legislated and induced to impair and delay a people’s technological and infrastructural progress, until a certain part of the country can catch up from a 13th century Crusade mindset, can you imagine the set back to unborn generations? How can you ignore these glaring facts, or recommend that l gloss it over and proffer solutions for a better Nigeria, as though wishful thinking will suffice to cure the anti-Igbo virus in the Nigerian bloodstream, that gave rise to the Daniel Kanus of this world? Did you see the ferocious and massive attack that Emir Sanusi was subjected to by the core northern establishmentfor daring to speak truth about Islamic fundamentalism and indolent dependence on Niger Delta oil resource? Do you still Nigeria isn’t beyond redemption as presently structured?
            What can elected politicans do about developing ariver port in Onitsha, for example, or establishment of associated logistics infrastructure on a national or international scale in their part of the country, without political lubrication from Abuja, when every inch of shoreline in Nigeria belongs to the NPA, and you’re proscribed from diverting or construction of access around a “federal road”?
            You’re uncomfortable with my awareness and sensitivity around these distemper, but it’s not possible to pretend that oppression and domination of the worst kind isn’t what is responsible for the non-feasibility of Nigeria as one country.

  • Daniel Obior

    American are not great because of what individuals Americans have achieved. She is great because of what Americans have collectively achieved in making the country America what it is today. We can say the same for the Chinese, Japanese, Germans and other great country. It is a deluded Nigerian that considers Nigeria the greatest country on earth, when Nigeria as a country is at the bottom of the pit. This is a non-issue.

  • Seton During

    Nigeria’s greatness as a nation continues to be undermined by us electing and appointing public sector leaders – political and otherwise – who have poor and low appreciations :-
    1. Ethical transparent accountabilities, maintenance management and maintenance of assets and
    liabilities particularly in our public sector.
    2. Audit functions as management tools for optimisations with commensurate responses to audit
    3. The importance of creating and sustaining societal atmospheres enabling to perform within
    Nigeria as they perform outside Nigeria,
    These weaknesses need to be addressed

  • Olisa

    Nigeria is a phenomenon. It is a phenomenon that occurs when a people with a progress-minded culture/religion share a space with a dominant people of a vicious and regressive culture/religion.

  • Dunu Anselm

    Adako Lemese Mayowa is a funny fellow. He is equally dangerous. How can he post such a fallacy and expect the world to believe him. The danger there is that some of our children may believe him. We are not great. Greatness is made of a sterner stuff than having some pockets of successful individuals in foreign countries. By the way why foreign countries, why not Nigeria. The reason is in our wickedness and stupidity.
    A system that suppresses one for another to rise can never bring success. We may have latent smart individuals but the critical mass can never be achieved until the system is corrected. Disintegrate this fraud called Nigeria. Only then that we may have the chance to be useful to the world. If we are not disintegrating it, then let us restructure it in such a way that our draw back policies of the blind leading us will stop. We can only do this when the South stop this stupid unhealthy rivalry.

    • Remi Adeyeye

      I don’t know why the people whose reasoning I fervently agree with are the same who reach conclusions that I violently disagree with. Disintegrating Nigeria is not a solution. Please let’s find ways to ease the pain of all Nigerians. The same elites who are currently ripping the country off will find ways to rip their so-called own people off and we might end up with another Southern Sudan after the disintegration. Besides, wars amongst the ensuing countries might become the new norm leaving the true Nigerians hopeless in addition to being destitute.

      • benedict chindi

        Disintegration is not a big bang; it is triggered (most times) by civil war, genocide or some form of chaos. A continuation of the status quo – premised on the “sharing” of “oil money” and sustained by unsustainable high crude oil price, will ultimately lead to chaos, civil strife and maybe even civil war which will most likely lead to disintegration.

        Your submission on the character of our political elite is on point, but brother, anyone who advocates a continuation of the status quo is passing a death sentence on the country.

      • Orphic

        The problem is a christian southern population has been hitched to a northern muslim population. Our group aspirations are different and the hijacking of the FG by one group or the other stunts the aspirations of the other.
        The North looks to inspiration from the Islamic world, and its non-secularist values. So Saudi Arabia and Dubai are its models or developmental example. Thus Buhari’s – like Saudi’s, economic interest are focussed entirely on the price of oil
        The South looks to the West, its precepts, secularism, education and humanitarian values. It wishes for a progressive and advanced society unlimited by religious precepts. It sees Islam as nothing more than Arab attempt to colonise and restrict the mind of Africans through religion.

        A Northern leadership pursuing its natural objectives contains within it the seed of islamic philosophy, that ‘man is a slave or servant to Allah’, thus men relate to each other superiors to inferiors as masters to servants.
        Christian philosophy on the hand sees men as children of God and God as a benevolent father with men as brothers, sisters to each other.

        • Remi Adeyeye

          I don’t disagree that there are real problems. While you and I agree more than we disagree, I don’t think either religion offers salvation for Nigerians. Neither is authentic to Nigeria. Everyone seems to assume that human beings did not occupy the land now called Nigeria before the British or Arabs came to enslave the minds of the people. I agree that Islam has become more of a menace than Christianity of late. However, I am hoping we can find a way to come to grips with the fact that while we were enslaved, we had a history. That the Christian converts are more enlightened and as such more appreciative of the good fortune their masters have bestowed through education while by comparison the Islamic converts have been brainwashed into accepting human denigration or subjugation in preparation for the eternal live, we are all victims. The leaders who made the choice to focus on continuing the designs of the colonialists instead of finding ways to use whatever was learnt from them to ease the pains of the Nigerian people created the mess that is Nigeria. My hope is that the enlightened ones such as yourself will work towards repairing the damage. I just don’t agree that you and your Hausa neighbor have less in common than you and a British who in reality might not really see you as equally human. My dad spoke all the three Nigerian leading languages fluently. My very close friend before I left Nigeria was a former captain in the Biafran army during the Nigerian civil war. I have nieces and nephews who are Igbos. I grew up admiring northerners for their integrity. Before I left Lagos, I lived in a household with a Hausa sailor, former captain in the Biafran army and I was very close to both of them. We must find a solution to the inequities in the Nigerian society without turning on each other to the benefit of the Nigerian colonialists who will seize upon it to continue to rob the country blind..

      • Tony Oshea

        Disintegration is a matter of personal choice. One can decide to live with the menace of marauding and plundering herdsmen,like it is normal,in Nigeria or risk a new smaller but viable nation with prospects of accelerated development. Why southern Sudan? What of Erithrea. Is Somalia not one country? Are they better than Southern Sudan? Is Serbia,Bosnia and Hezgovina NOT better than Yugoslavia,in terms of peace? Pakistan and India are they not living peacefully as separate entities? Has Britain enjoyed peace ever since they insisted that they must cohabit with the Irish? When a lie is repeated for too long,it assumes the toga of religious truth !

      • kalu9909

        You may be right to say that disintegration is not the best solution to Nigeria’s problem. I disagree with you on this. Nigeria would have been a great nation by now if our past and present leaders toed the line of our independence constitution of 1960, where true federalism was fully entrenched. True federalism gave fillips to good governance, growth and development based on ones ability and capability without being held back by the inadequacies of the other. It was crystal clear that before independence in 1960 and before the first coup of 1966, Nigeria was rated as one of the fastest growing new nations, and the British government, who colonized Nigeria envisaged that Nigeria had the potential to leap frog many nations in terms of development if the tempo was maintained. But unfortunately, the military took over the reign of governance, and the northern elements in the military now planted the northern agenda even after the civil war had ended. It is not in doubt that the north had all the intention to slow down the fast developing south in order to catch up. In order to achieve this, merit was downplayed and mediocrity was enthroned through the principle of federal character. The northern ideology, which was embed in subsequent military leadership, began with the balkanization of the country in order to reduce the power block in the south and to empower the north through the creation of more states and local governments. The major target of this balkanization was the resources of the south, especially the oil in the Niger Delta, which the northern oligarchy intended to us to empower their individual political leaders in order to challenge the intellectual loaded southerners. Now the north has been overwhelmed with power such that nothing matters to them than wielding political power in order to use it to suppress the south, who has now become a tool in the advancement of the northern agenda. There is confusion in the land today due to northern insistence on the status quo, even when it is crystal clear that the present state of affairs cannot take Nigeria out of the wood. Now, to your disagreement that disintegration is the solution, I will put it to you that if the north continues to insist on the status quo, if they continue to remain adamant on restructuring, if they continue to insist on operation of unitary or quazy federalism, the best alternative is disintegration. Nigeria is losing much ground as a result of this unequal union. The soul of the country is in the hands of the northern oligarchy, who sees the south as an extension of Sokoto Caliphate, courtesy of the hausa-fulany herdsmen.

        • Remi Adeyeye

          I think this discussion itself is a good thing. My hope is that solutions to the problems you have identified will be found without resorting to another war.

    • Don Franco

      Pray tell, who may Adako Lamesa Mayowa be?

      • kalu9909

        The name does not exist. it is not a Nigeria. The writer imagined it and coined the name to make it look real

    • “Korede

      The guy is not funny at all. He was asked a question in foreign land where he lives and answered them with verifiable facts some of which happened back home. In case you care to know, we still have some Nigerians in the same diasporal who dented the image of Nigeria in the country where they live.

      Do not play down the points he made.

  • Rooaik

    I like Osuntokun’s submission. It is an erudite exposition of one of the root causes, if not the main problem that has stunted our growth as a nation.

    However, there should be a follow-up to enunciating solutions to the problem so eruditely exposed. The question is what is the acceptable way forward: Fiscal federalism, to go back to the regional structure of the first republic, devolution of powers to the states … It will be nice if he can devote some time to looking at the solutions to this issue. It is a problem that will require multi-faceted approach to solving. However, to pretend that all is well as the current administration and our Northern brothers would want us to believe is not an option, neither is dissolution as being advocated by some on social media.

    • SLO

      You should read a lot of his previous articles. He has severally opened discussions on the way forward with regards to restructuring etc

  • Obi Ike Sorres

    The guy said that to defend the failure belcounding our nation. Is not a white man confronting him? He needs to defend himself so as not to have low self esteem and the White Russian treat him like sub human person. Whites generally don’t argue much, they will just believe you. And as a White Russian whose English speaking ability might not be that sharp will use the good English to pretty acquiesce a bit

  • Jon West

    “The wealthiest Black Man and Woman on earth are Nigerians. Aliko Dangote and Folurunsho Alakija. Both have no trace of criminal records of any kind”. Really? These are the poster people of hardworking and high-achieving Nigerians? Rent seekers and comprador business people reaping from sweetheart deals in a corrupt Government in the most corrupt of business environments.

    Folurunsho Alakija, barely educated hairdresser and self-acclaimed clothes designer for Mrs Mariam Babaginda, who was gifted the billion barrel Agbami field offshore the Niger Delta ,is a symbol of Nigerian achievement? And Dangote the oligopolistic , forex rountripping “industrialist”, whose wealth increases exponentially without a commensurate increase in endeavour and correlation with global trends, is also a symbol of Nigerian industry and business acumen? Really?

    Well, Dangote is the poster boy of the Nigerian Government’s serial tendency to create wealth without much effort among a certain class of Nigerians, but you cannot really begrudge him his “wealth”, considering the lack of ability and skills of his genus in Nigeria at all levels of human endeavour. He is a real outlier among the flotsam and jetsam of Northern Nigerian hopelessness, but a symbol of Nigerian greatness and business acumen he ain’t.

    I am quite glad that Akin Osuntokun is intelligent enough to give credit for the other achievement of Nigerians, where it belongs – in the diaspora and the edifying sociology of those countries where Nigerians and other otherwise useless and helpless people are able to exploit their innate abilities and compete with the rest of humanity. Nobody who spent his/her life in Nigeria can ever achieve anything substantial and the facts are there for all to see.

    While the diaspora achievers are almost all born and bred in their diaspora soceities, the local achievers are simple rent-seekers, carpetbaggers and buccaneers. Could Philip Emeagwali, Chimamanda Adichie, Jelilu Aliyu, Ben Omalu, Hakeem Olajuwon, and all the other achievers of Nigerian origin ever become anything in the Nigeria of Dino Melaye, a Certificateless perjuring President, the Ota Ape, Theophilus Danjuma, Saraki, Ifeanyi Uba, Andy Yakubu and the other vagabonds that bestride the sociology, politics and economy? Never!!
    This is the reality of Nigerian life and does not bode well for the future of the country and the African continent.