To Tackle Insecurity, Osinbajo Tasks Security Agencies on Technology-driven Solutions

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Deji Elumoye in Abuja

Vice President Yemi Osinbajo at the weekend charged security agencies to leverage more technology-driven solutions and intelligence-driven collaboration to improve the nation’s security architecture in line with global standards and to more effectively tackle challenges nationwide.

Osinbajo stated this at the graduation ceremony of participants of the Executive Intelligence Management Course 14 at the National Institute for Security Studies, Bwari, Abuja.

According to him, President Muhammadu Buhari had emphasised an approach that leverages inter-agency collaboration, joint operations, technology-driven enablers, and the optimisation of existing capabilities to avoid duplication of resources and expenditure.

The Vice President also noted the investments made and initiatives taken by the administration to beef up the nation’s security architecture and protect the lives and property of Nigerians.

Osinbajo identified some major challenges in the security environment, including the global dimensions to local security, country size and the challenge of covering extensive terrain, the availability and use of technology by criminal and terrorist individuals and groups, and inter-agency coordination.

He said, “in May this year, arising from our deliberations in the National Security Council, the President established the Committee on Needs Assessment of National Security Requirements, which he tasked me to chair with the mandate of assessing the needs of the defence, security and intelligence agencies in the light of the current challenges and recommend options for containment. “The President personally handpicked the membership of the Committee which had representation from the military, the police, and the security and intelligence community. As a result of our work, the President signed a supplementary budget of N802 billion for the military, security, and intelligence agencies.

“This was in keeping with his commitment since the outset of this administration to ensure that those charged with keeping Nigerians safe are adequately equipped for the job. At a time when national resources are stretched thin, we have to come up with technology-driven solutions to addressing our security needs – whether we are discussing the policing of our borders or surveillance and reconnaissance programmes aimed at identifying criminal elements within our coastal waters, or locating terrorists hiding within the general population. When applied creatively, technology can be a force multiplier, amplifying our potential and capacity to effectively secure our territory. It is not enough to know that we should deploy technology for surveillance and combat. We must become much smarter in the deployment of intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance tools to compensate for the human resource deficits within our security establishment.”

In the same vein, he urged the nation’s security and intelligence agencies to reinvent themselves and adopt a more empirical and data-driven institutional culture defined by analytical and forensic rigour, while also emphasising inter-agency collaboration and synergy.

The Vice President added that leveraging technology, critical thinking, and a more strategic approach to intelligence gathering would further help to address security threats.

He said, “our intelligence services must be proactive rather than reactive, ahead of the curve rather than behind it. Threats must be identified and addressed well before they evolve into manifest perils. The business of intelligence necessarily entails the capacity to expect the unexpected and to foresee the impact of unintended consequences and Black Swan events – that is unpredictable events that are beyond what is normally expected of a situation and have potentially severe consequences. The use of “Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML), Robotic Process Automation (RPA), Edge Computing, Quantum Computing, Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality, Blockchain, Internet of Things (IoT), 5G.”

The VP further urged the Course graduands from the National Institute on Security Studies that they must not only know about these technologies but also develop the expertise, even for writing the algorithms and codes for intelligent equipment.

He disclosed that it was in recognition of the strategic value of the institute that President Muhammadu Buhari in 2019 elevated it to the status of a “National Institute” by consenting to the bill establishing it.

Osinbajo praised the great foresight of the institute’s founding fathers in establishing a place of learning and research of this calibre to equip members of the security and intelligence community.

While the VP noted the complexities of security challenges in today’s world, he added that security personnel is functioning at the most advanced moment in human history, so are better equipped and better resourced than before.

His words: “In any event, it has fallen on you to be the generation of security and intelligence practitioners that will marshal Nigeria’s responses to the variety of threats that confront us. There is no doubt that in marshalling these responses, we must be smarter and more imaginative. The threat environment that you are tasked with engaging in is not the same threat environment that existed just a decade ago. In strategic national security terms, we must recognise that it is a new day and it is a new age. And we must be prepared to deal with new and lethal weapons coming on stream today.”

“For example, look at the various criminal and terrorist possibilities on the so-called Dark Web – a virtual underworld that hosts a global illicit economy and has proven difficult for state actors to infiltrate. Within this underground cyber universe, transactions around illicit drugs, weapons, child trafficking and even weapons of mass destruction are being conducted”.