Analysts: Solid Expansion in Business Drives PMI to 55 Index Points in November


Kayode Tokede
Analysts at Stanbic IBTC Bank Nigeria has stated that Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) increased to 55 index points in November from 54.1 in October to signal a solid expansion in business conditions, bringing the sequence of growth to 17 months.

They expressed that the output and new orders rise at quicker rates in November, stating that there was robust increase in inventories
“Inflation of output prices and purchase costs hit new highs,” analysts at Stanbic IBTC Bank Nigeria added in their latest report.

According to the PMI report by Stanbic IBTC there was robust expansions in output and new orders that helped drive a pick-up in growth in the Nigerian private sector in the month under review.

The report stated that private sector performance was overshadowed by a record increase in overall costs amid ongoing global supply issues and unfavourable exchange rate movements.

According to the report: “Firms were nevertheless committed to raising their inventory holdings in a bid to protect against future shortages and price hikes. The headline figure derived from the survey is the PMI. Readings above 50 signal an improvement in business conditions on the previous month, while readings below 50.0 show a deterioration.

“Central to the improvement was the joint-fastest rise in new orders for almost two years. Higher sales to both international and domestic markets, as well as greater client requirements underpinned growth.

“Subsequently, output increased for the twelfth month running and at a quicker pace. Sub-sector data revealed expansions across the board, although manufacturers recorded by far the strongest increase. Wholesale & retail, agriculture and services followed, respectively.”

It added, “With workloads increasing, firms looked to fill vacant positions. Job creation has now been recorded in each of the last ten months, with the latest expansion only modest but above the average seen for 2021 so far. As a result, firms were able to keep up with demand resulting in an eighteenth consecutive monthly decline in backlogs. The reduction was marked and amongst the steepest in the series history. Improving vendor performance also helped keep backlogs at bay in November.

“Turning to prices, global supply shortages for a range of raw materials, unfavourable dollar-naira exchange rate movements and increasing staff costs led to a record rate of overall input price inflation. Firms chose to pass on a large part of the burden to clients, with selling price inflation also picking up to a fresh new series high.

“Despite rising cost pressures, firms continued buying activity and added to their inventory holdings as they sought to protect against future shortages. In fact, stocks of purchases rose at the fourth-most marked rate in the series history.”

The report added that business sentiment remained positive in November, fuelled by plans to broaden product offerings.
“However, the degree of optimism moderated to a three-month low, and posted below the average for 2021 so far suggesting that longer- term concerns surrounding COVID-19 persist,” the report added.