#ENDSARS Protests in Nigeria: Prosecute Soldiers Who Invaded Lekki Tollgate


By Eyitayo Dada, Kingsley Jesuorobo and Michael Dibua

In recent days, Nigeria has been gripped by peaceful anti-Police protests. These protests were orchestrated, organised and led by the Nigerian youth. The protests gained global traction under the hashtag #ENDSARS. SARS (Special Anti-Robbery Squad) is a notorious Nigeria Police unit reputed for gross human rights violations, directed mostly against young people.

From all indications, the Nigerian authorities are seised of the massive magnitude of the current uprising. High ranking government and Police leaders have acknowledged the protests, and have, in quick reaction, announced the disbandment of the SARS, and have promised additional reforms. The protests persisted nonetheless, due to earned mistrust of the Nigerian authorities by the people.

Unfortunately, there have been credible reports that some protesters were killed by Army operatives and/or pro-government hoodlums, while scores of others have either been injured or arrested. Sadly, there has been a serious escalation of the crises. On October 20, 2020, credible reports emerged of incidents where the Nigerian military shot, and were alleged to have killed unarmed protesters at the Lekki Tollgate in Lagos. At the time of this press release, the full extent of the potentially deadly outcome of the military assault remains unclear. Nigerian citizens are under siege. There is need for international intervention.

Critical Observations and Recommendations

Against the foregoing background, we, the undersigned, on behalf of the Canadian Association of Nigerian Lawyers (CANL), deem it imperative to make the following observations and recommendations:

1. The Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 (as amended) guarantees the rights and freedoms of every citizen of Nigeria to peaceful assembly, expression and thought. The relevant provisions, are contained in Chapter IV of the Constitution. As a corollary, we at CANL identify with and support the decision and action of Nigerians to assemble and express themselves, in connection with the issues of governance of our country.

2. The core trigger of the current protests are the numerous alleged incidents of gross human rights abuses to which Nigerians have been subjected by the Police in general, and by the now disbanded SARS unit in particular. The alleged atrocities and violations are in direct violation of the provisions of Chapter IV of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999 (as amended) and other extant domestic laws which guarantee and protect fundamental rights and freedoms, including, but not limited to, the right to life, dignity of the person, liberty, freedoms of thought, expression and assembly, to the citizens of Nigeria.

3. The alleged violations also implicate the obligations of the Nigerian State in the context of the extant international and regional human rights-related instruments to which Nigeria is a signatory; including the United Nations’ International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, (particularly Part III thereof) and its associated Protocols; the Rome Statute; the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (particularly Part I thereof) and its associated Protocols; the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Treaty (particularly

Article 4 thereof) and its associated Protocols; among others.

4. The Nigerian State owes a solemn obligation to its citizens to ensure good and human rights-compliant governance, in accordance with the aforementioned enshrined fundamental rights of its citizens, as well as international best practices.

In this regard, we at CANL note with particular concern and disappointment, the allegations from credible sources that, whereas, the alleged violations have been widespread and systemic, accountability and recompense have been scant and largely non-existent. We believe that Nigerians deserve better, and, therefore, call for violators to face justice under the law and for the victims to also get remedial justice.

5. It is a trite fact that, the #ENDSARS protests are only a symbolic manifestation and a microcosm of a catalogue of governance ills that have engendered bottled-up discontentment among Nigerian citizens at home and abroad. The ills range from cases of Police brutality, extortion and extra-judicial killings, to instances of administrative oppression and reckless excesses wreaked with impunity on Nigerian citizens, by people in positions of authority. We at CANL, hereby call for a holistic reform of the governance system. The reform should start with the reorientation and retraining of the mindset of those who occupy positions of authority in government.

6. As a first step, there is an urgent need for a nationwide adoption and implementation of policies and guidelines that uphold and proclaim the rights and freedoms of Nigerians from oppression, and any other form of abuse of office. An online Public Accountability Registry System (PARS) should be established at all levels of government, for aggrieved individuals to register complaints with commitments from appropriate authorities to address same and publicly register the steps taken to investigate the complaint within fourteen (14) days from the date of the complaint, and follow up with disciplinary action where warranted, within thirty (30) days from the date of complaint. While there may be privacy rights violations concerns associated with this proposal, the need to tackle the endemic systemic abuses should trump the privacy rights of public officials. If warranted, enabling legislation should be put in place to actualise this proposal.

7. Government bodies entrusted with tackling financial crimes should be transparent about what is done with the money recovered, and should themselves be put under public scrutiny.

8. We call on the international community to intervene and prevail on the Nigerian authorities, to cease and desist from actions that violate the protected rights of the citizens.

We call for the investigation and prosecution of all persons who may have committed crimes against humanity, in reaction to the ongoing protests in Nigeria.

Eyitayo Dada, President, Canadian Association of Nigerian Lawyers (CANL), Kingsley Jesuorobo and Michael Dibua, former Presidents, CANL