Nigeria’s Birth Registration Increases by 100%, Says UNICEF


Kuni Tyessi in Abuja

The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) has revealed that the birth registration rate in Nigeria has increased by over 100 per cent, even as children registration between the ages of zero and 17 has increased by 29 million.

In a birth registration evaluation report released yesterday, UNICEF said the birth registration programme was implemented by the National Population Commission (NPC) with support from the children’s organisation.

UNICEF Representative in Nigeria, Mr. Mohamed Fall, said the report showed that for children under one year of age, the programme increased by more than 100 per cent the number of children registered; that is, from three million in 2012 to 11 million in 2016.

“Low rate of birth registration is a challenge in Nigeria. In 2011, the birth registration rate was 41 per cent, which means that three in every five children were not registered.“This lack of birth registration negatively affects a child’s ability to access his or her right to health care, education and many other rights. “It is in this context that the programme was initiated to accelerate birth registration rates, particularly for children under the age of five, between 2012 and 2016, ‘’ he said.

Fall said that the programme made significant improvements in strengthening the birth registration system in Nigeria.

According to him, at the level of infrastructure, the numbers of NPC registrars/centres increased to nearly 4,000 in 2016 from about 3,000 in 2012.

UNICEF added, “this helped to achieve a harmonised, accessible and efficient birth registration system, which now functions as an integral part of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) in Nigeria.

“The programme’s use of ICT tools for birth registration introduced target-driven performance in all of the 774 local government areas in Nigeria. The LGAs now have specified targets, reports and performance ranking.”

The representative said NPC has been urged, as a primary service provider, to take greater ownership and a proactive approach on registration of newborn children and all other children who are still unregistered.

“NPC is advised to prioritise digitisation, advocacy and lobbying for more funds to effectively implement the Strategic CRVS Plan between 2018 and 2022.

“Birth registration remains pivotal to child wellbeing in Nigeria. Overall survey results, as part of the evaluation, indicate that nearly half of the survey respondents perceived that an increase in birth registration can help reduce child rights violations,’’ Fall said.

The Deputy Representative, UNICEF Nigeria, Ms Pernille Ironside, said that birth registration was a critical part of UNICEF’s four pillars of child rights programming including survival, development, protection and participation.

Ironside said that UNICEF had been working with the Federal Government to address systemic bottlenecks that impede birth registration, with a view to achieving sustainable results for children.