Acknowledging that greater female participation in the digital economy will lead to more solid economic growth, the declaration issued by ministers at the G20 Digital Economy Ministerial Meeting in Salta, Argentina, contains an annex with proposals to help reduce the digital gender divide.
According to estimates by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), some 250 million fewer women than men are online today. Women account for only 20 per cent of graduates in careers relating to information and communication technology (ICT).
To change this scenario, the document identified the main obstacles to female digital participation.
These include lack of access, education, skills and technological literacy, and inherent gender biases and socio-cultural norms.
One of the first recommendations is for “raising awareness of the digital gender divide and the benefits that diversity offers and addressing stereotypes that hinder the full participation of women in digital transformations.”
Building capacity to improve data collection, undergoing research that focuses on identifying access gaps between women and men, tackling barriers to access, connectivity and digital skill acquisition, and addressing gender biases instilled from an early age, are some of the suggested means to tackle the imbalances.
The document also suggested collecting gender-disaggregated data to enable for evidence-based action and promote training in digital skills acquisition for women re-entering the labour market after extended absences, such as maternity and childcare leave.
It acknowledged the importance of high quality and flexible work arrangements for its workforce that takes advantage of digital tools.
To help foster inclusion, the document encouraged identifying sub-groups lagging in digital access to be able to prioritise their needs and opportunities. Tackling barriers to digital access for women living in rural areas, for example, was considered a priority.
Another proposal put emphasis on supporting female digital businesses and strengthening female students’ interest and participation in STEM careers and digitally intensive sectors through training, scholarships, awards and prizes.
The document also called on G20 countries to “address cyber-violence towards girls and women to provide them a trusted online environment.”
Finally, the document encouraged the effective use of digital technologies that allow women to learn from each other, as well as joint initiatives among G20 countries “to empower girls and women in the digital era.”
S’African Bond Sell-off Resumes
South African bonds suffered twice the outflows of the next worst-hit emerging market at the height of the Turkey crisis as foreign investors scrambled to reduce volatility in their portfolios against a backdrop of rising economic risk, Reuters reported.
Even with forward markets now heavily pricing in interest rates hike this year, which would boost the potential yield on local bonds, investors are dumping Pretoria’s debt with increasing speed.
The Turkish lira has plunged nearly 40 per cent this year over investor concern about Tayyip Erdogan’s influence on monetary policy and a deepening row with the United States, sparking a wave of selling across emerging market assets.
Data from the International Institute of Finance (IIF), an authority on global portfolio flows, this week showed $800 million (12 billion rand) bled out of South African bonds from the start of the month up to August 17, more than any other emerging market, including Turkey.