The International Press Institute (IPI), a global network of editors, journalists and media executives, has counted and recorded journalists deliberately targeted because of their profession and those who lost their lives while on assignment since 1997.
According to IPIâ€™s â€˜Death Watchâ€™project, as many as 1,801 journalists had died in the line of duty since 1997.
The bloodiest year of the past two decades was 2012, when 133 journalists lost their lives. A year later, 121 were killed.
An analysis of the data of the last 12 months indicated that the pace of investigation into most cases of targeted killings has been slow and only a few suspects had been arrested or charged for these murders.
The report made available to THISDAY yesterday, showed that prominent among the killings were those of Kuciak in Slovakia; Daphne Caruana Galizia, who was killed in a car bomb explosion in Malta in October 2017; Gauri Lankesh, who was shot dead in September outside her home in India; and Javier Valdez CÃ¡rdenas, a Mexican investigative journalist gunned down last May.
It pointed out that while the killings in Europe had attracted global condemnation and growing demands for the arrest of those responsible, there are dozens of cases around the world that have escaped international attention.
â€œLatin America has emerged as one of the largest killing fields, where journalists covering drug trafficking and political corruption are particularly vulnerable.
â€œWith 12 journalists killed in as many months, Mexico has become the deadliest place in the world to work in the media.
â€œWhile journalists frequently lay down their lives attempting to bring facts to light and exposing nefarious practices, there are many others who die in the line of duty trying to report on armed conflicts â€“ a majority of such deaths have recently occurred in Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan. Last month, two journalists covering a protest in Gaza were killed by Israeli snipers,â€ the report stated.
According to IPI Executive Director, Barbara Trionfi, the killing of a journalist remains the most â€œbrutal and effective way of silencing the news.â€
In a statement released on the occasion of World Press Freedom Day 2018, Trionfi added: â€œPeople have a right to know what is happening around them and journalists â€“ whether covering corruption or reporting from conflict zones â€“ shed light on that information.
â€œThe Death Watch tally over the past year represents a staggering loss not only for the victimsâ€™ family, friends, and colleagues, but also for democracy itself.â€
IPI, which has been working for the protection and safety of journalists since 1950, has consistently urged governments to uphold democratic values by improving the safety of journalists.
â€œUnless governments take firm action and demonstrate that there will be no impunity, journalists will continue to be targets of threats, torture and assassination,â€ Trionfi said, underscoring the need for increased protection for journalists.
A chronology of the killings showed that on February 22 this year, police found the bodies of JÃ¡n Kuciak, a reporter with the news website Aktuality.sk, and his girlfriend at his home in Slovakia. Kuciak had been investigating corruption in government; his reporting exposing links between an Italian crime mafia and some members of the Slovak government was published after his death.
The killing had led to the resignation of Slovak Prime Minister Robert Fico.
Also, it showed that in the past year, 87 journalists, including six women, were killed around the world. Of these, as many as 46 were killed in targeted attacks, in most cases because they were investigating and exposing corruption.
Similarly, in the first four months of 2018 alone, 32 journalists, including a female journalist in El Salvador, were killed, making it an average of almost eight deaths a month.