Kasim Sumaina in Abuja
An expert in Sexual Transmitted Diseases (STI) has revealed that recent findings indicate that Borno State remains the state with the highest cases of syphilis in a national survey on serial prevalence of the disease in the country.
The findings revealed that the rate of syphilis in the state as at 2005 was 1.5% and dropped to 0.7% in 2014.
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the Treponema Pallidum spirochete. The route of transmission is almost always by sexual contact, although there may be congenital syphilis via transmission from mother to child in-utero.
Head of Prevention, Department of Public Health, HIV/AIDS Division, Ministry of Health, Dr. Chukwuma Anyaike, disclosed this while speaking to newsmen recently at the launch of HIV/Syphilis Dou Rapid Test by Alere Healthcare Services in Abuja.
Anyaike maintained that similar survey was last carried out in year 2005 and the success recorded in terms of prevention interventions in HIV response maybe responsible for the reduction in the prevalence of Syphilises because, “HIV and syphilis almost run the game way in mode of transmission.”
According to him, “We had a national survey on serial prevalence of Syphilis in the country and in 2005, it was 1.5% until 2014, the prevalence rate dropped to 0.7% nationally, 9 years after. But, when you try to look at it in States level, you will see that it could be higher than 0.7% prevalence.
“The 0.7% syphilis prevalence nationally doesn’t mean everywhere in the country. We have regional and States variations. In fact, we have some states that their prevalence is 0.% findings. Borno seems to have the highest in terms of 0.% prevalence when you now try to put the statistics according to States.”
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