A United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO) report has disclosed that Nigeria and other developing and emerging economies enjoyed significant growth in the manufacturing sector in 2012, with prospects for more growth in 2013.
The 2013 edition of the International Yearbook of Industrial Statistics released by UNIDO noted that developing and emerging industrial economies in general maintained a strong rate of Manufacturing Value Added (MVA) growth in 2012, despite some deceleration in industrial production due to a decrease in demand for exports.
“Developing and emerging industrial economies’ combined share of world MVA in 2012 stood at 35 per cent,” the report stated.
Commenting on the development, the president of the Nigerian Association of Chambers of Commerce and Industry Mines and Agriculture (NACCIMA) Dr. Herb Ademola Ajayi, said the major industrial strides made by Dangote Group especially in the cement arm of its business along with those of Lafarge Cement WAPCO, which transformed Nigeria into a net exporter of cement, helped Nigeria up in the UNIDO assessment.
According to the report the growth rate of world manufacturing output remained low in 2012 due to the prolonged recession in industrialised countries and its negative impact on developing and emerging industrial economies.
World manufacturing output grew by 2.2 per cent in 2012, significantly lower than the 3.1 per cent projected midway through last year. This and other key findings are revealed by the latest annual figures on the level, structure and growth of world industrial production contained in the 2013 edition of the International Yearbook of Industrial Statistics, published by the UN Industry agency.
The Yearbook provided internationally comparable data for major indicators of manufacturing activity which can be used to analyse patterns of growth and related long term trends, structural change and industrial performance in individual industries. It is the only international publication that offers economists, planners, policymakers and business people worldwide statistics on current performance and trends in the manufacturing sector.
The new publication showed that the world’s industrialised countries experienced particularly low MVA growth, with some dynamism in North America and East Asia was largely negated by the sustained recession in Europe. MVA of industrialised countries grew at an average rate of just 0.3 per cent in 2012.
According to the Yearbook, the global economic crisis beginning in 2009 has not only forced huge job cuts in the manufacturing sector of industrialised countries but has also pulled labour productivity down.
Net manufacturing output in the world’s eight major industrialised economies (G-8) has fallen by a much higher rate than the number of employees, reflecting the fact that many businesses retain a skeleton workforce even during periods when there are no or few orders for their products.
In the longer run, the industrialised countries’ share of world MVA will remain high, as economic progress will mean that more countries will be elevated into the group of industrialised economies. The 2013 edition of the Yearbook includes revised country groups, with Malaysia, the United Arab Emirates and Qatar among new entrants to the group of industrialised economies.
The Yearbook also highlighted MVA growth trends in the least developed countries (LDCs), which are facing different constraints related to external trade. In comparison with African LDCs, Asian LDCs have the advantage of closer proximity to fast-growing economies, and this is reflected by an average MVA growth rate over the last decade of 8.7 per cent per annum for Asian LDCs compared to 5.9 per cent for African LDCs.
The International Yearbook of Industrial Statistics presented detailed, country-specific, business structure statistics, which provide empirical evidence for formulating industrial policy and carrying out comparative analysis of structural change and productivity.
UNIDO maintains an international industrial statistics database covering mining and quarrying, manufacturing and the international trade of manufactured goods.